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Daniel Thurston and Ann Pell

Born (about 1631)(on 5 May 1631-S8,S15)(1638-S11) in (England-S8), (probably in Thornbury, Gloucestershire-S?)(in Cranbrook, Kent-S15), England.

In 1678 Daniel gave his age as 40, which would give him a year of birth on 1638. (S14).

There were two early settlers in Newbury named Daniel Thurston. They were nephew and uncle. Daniel Thurston, Senior came to Newbury in or prior to 1638 because in the town record this entry appears: 24 Nov., 1638, there was granted unto Daniel Thurston an house lot on the Neck over the great river of four acres next to John Osgood. (S6).
Savage says that Daniel Thurston, the uncle, married Ann Lightfoot, the widow of Francis Lightfoot, of the town of Lynn, on 29 August 1648. She was his second wife. His first wife had died 20 May 1648. As they had no children they probably adopted the nephew Daniel junior, to whom the elder Daniel by his will in 1665, left his estate after the death of his wife, calling him in the will my kinsman. (S6,S7).

We also know that the relation of nephew and uncle subsisted between these two Daniels from a petition relating to the militia, to which petition objection was made that some who signed it were boys. The petition objection notes ” Young Daniel Thurston is under his uncle.” which fully establishes that relationship because there were no others of the name of Thurston at that time in the town of Newbury. (S6).

It has been said that his father was either Stephen Thurston or Daniel Thurston. Since he was closely assoicated with his uncle Daniel, and was a beneficiary of his will, his father was not likely named Daniel also. No evidence has been provided for a connection to Stephen Thurston either.

So it is unclear who were the parents of Daniel, or how and when he came to New England. He was possibly living at Ipswich, Massachusetts, but the first that we are certain of him is that he settled in Newbury, Massachusetts.

In May 1653 the General Court of Massachusetts ruled that the average Joe could not preach in public without first getting the permission of the elders from four neighboring churches or permission granted by the court. This did not sit well with Lt. Robert Pike of Newbury, who felt it was a violation of his rights as a freeman of the colony. Lt. Pike made his feelings quite clear on the matter and he was promptly brought before the court where he got a great telling off, stripped of his freeman's status and hit with a big fine. So, what does this have to do with Daniel you ask. Well, apparently Lt. Pike was a well liked and respected man, not just in Newbury but in many of the nearby towns. Petitions were written up and signed by many men asking that Pike be reinstated as a freeman and his sentence revoked. Both Daniel Thurstons signed this petition, which was presented to the court in May of 1654. (S14).


If Daniel was too young to sign the militia petition, was he in 1654 now old enough to make his opinion known and put his name to paper? And, what age was a person considered "old enough"? In England and in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the age of majority was 21. If Daniel were at least 21 in 1654 then his birth year must have been earlier than 1638, perhaps as early as 1633. In looking up a few of the names on the list of petitions, especially the "juniors" and all of them were well over 21 years of age. (S14).

The court did not like having its authority questioned and interview each signer of the petition. Young Daniel Thurston was ordered to appear before the court in Nov 1654 to explain his why he signed the petition. Robert Pike's sentence was eventually dropped and he was reinstated by 1657. The court reversed its decision on public preaching by laymen in August of 1653 but went ahead with prosecution of the petitioners. (S14).

He married Ann Pell of Lynn, Massachusetts on 20 October 1655 at Newbury, Essex County, Massachusetts. (S15). Ann Lightfoot, who Daniel the elder married, was also of Lynn. (S8,S10,S11,S12).

He was a soldier (trooper-S13) in King Philip’s war in 1675, in Captain Appleton’s company. (S11). He was paid 4 pounds, 10 shillings, on 24 June 1676. (S13).

He made his will on 17 January 1692-1693. (S6).

Will of Daniel Thurston:

Be it known to all men by these presents that I, Daniel Thurston, Sen, of Newberry in the county of Essex in New England, being weak of body, but of perfect memory, doe hereby make my last will and testament.
Commending my soul to God and my body when it shall depart this life to decent buriall in an assured hope of a blessed resurrection. And for my worldly goods which God of his mercy hath given me I dispose of as followeth, viz. :
I have by deed of gift under my hand and seale made over to my sonne Daniel Thurston one-half of my lands and meadow that I have in the town of Newberry known by the name of Rake Lott, which was done upon his marriage , with all priviledges and appurtenances yerto belonging, and I doe now make over to my sonne Daniel Thurstain All my buildings with the other half of my lands and meadows with priviledges and appurtenances yrto belonging on conditions as follows:
First. That he, my said sonne Daniel, and his heirs Doth take care of and provide comfortably for his mother soe long as She shall remain my widow.
Secondly. I do oblidge my son Daniel to pay my daughter Sarah the sum of thirty pounds in Cattell within two years after my decease.
Thirdly. I doe oblidge my sonne Daniel to pay my sonne Joseph the sum of thirty pounds Cattell within fower yeares after my decease.
Fourthly. I doe oblidge my sonne Daniel to pay my sonne Steven the sum of thirty pounds in Cattell Five years after my decease.
Fifthly. I oblidge my sonne Daniel to pay my daughter Abigail the sum of thirty pounds in cattell within eight years after my decease.
Item. I also give and bequeath to my sonne James a parcel of land lying in Newberry known by the name of my Rake Lott with all my pistols and houlsters, which is held in full of his portion.
Item. I also give to my sonne Joseph a pr of loomms with the tackling belonging to them and also a cowe and a gun. Item. I give to my son Steven a pair of loomms and my carbine.
Item. I doe also give to my daughter Hannah five shillings which is to be with what I have before given her in full of her portion.
Item. I give to my daughter Sarah fiveteen pounds which she shall have out of my household good which is to be in full of her portion.
Item. I doe also leave all the rest of my moveable estate in my sonne Daniel's hands, except a fether bed and furniture belonging to it and to the value of other five pounds in other household stuff, which I do leave my beloved wife to make use of during her life.
And I give to my son Daniel full power as administrator to recieve all my debts due to me by bills or otherwise. And I doe also order him, my said sonne Daniel, to pay for my funerall expenses and also pay all my lawful debts which he is to do out of my moveable estate. And if there be any overplus the rest of it is to be divided amongst four of my children, viz., Joseph, Stephen, Sarah, and Abigail. But if it soe fall y yer be not enough of my moveable estate to pay all my lawfull debts then I order that my son Daniel shall be abated so much of the hundred and twenty pounds which he was to pay to his brothers and sisters above mentioned as will discharge the reaminder of my debts, and my four children, Joseph, Steven, Sarah, and Abigail, shall beare it equally among them, and I doe desire my loving friends John Poore, Henry Poore, to be overseers of this my last will and testament. I hereby revoking all former will of myne. In confirmation of what is before written as my last will and testat., I have hereunto set my hand and seale the 17 day of January 1692-3. The mark of Daniel Thurston.
Signed, sealed, and declared in ye presence of John Poor, Thomas Hale. The Mark of Stephen Thurston.

Note from A. S. Thurston: I have inspected the original document in the probate office in Salem, and it is scorched as though it had been thrown in the fire and rescued from flame before being consumed. It is mere conjecture that this was done, and that the addendum following, was made to appease somebody who was dissatisfied with the first part of the will. - A.S. Thurston.

For some addition to what is above written, Whereas it is expected that my beloved wife shall haive a feather bed and furniture and five pound more out of the house during life and also that my daughter Sarah shall have fourteen pound out of the household stuff, And whereas I left the rest of my moveables within doors to my son Daniel, My will now is that after my daughter Sarah shall have had her fiveteen and my beloved wife her bed with furniture and her five pounds that then what is left of my moveable estate within doors shall be equally divided between my daughters Sarah and Abigail and prized to them as part of their thirty pounds apeace, and so much as it amounts to shall be taken off from the sixty pounds in Cattell which my son Daniel was to pay to them. And my will is that my son Daniel shall pay all abatement of said sixty pounds to my two sons Joseph and Stephen. And whereas it is above provided that if my moveable estate without doors will not pay all of my lawfull debts, that then my son Daniel shall be abated so much of the hundred and twenty pound which he was to pay his brothers and sisters as would discharge the remainder of my debt, and that my sons Joseph and Stephen and my two daughters Sarah and Abigail should bear it equally between them, My will now is y if my moveable estate without doors will not discharge all my lawfull debts that then my said Daniel shall take out of what I ordered him to pay my two sons Joseph and Stephen soe much as will dishcarge the reaminder of my engagements.
And Whereas I have given to my beloved wife a bed with furniture and five pounds more out of the house which she is to have during her life, my will is that at her decease it shall be equally divided between my two daughters Sarah and Abigail. My will further is that whereas I did order my son Daniel to pay his brothers and sisters portions in Cattell, my will is that it shall be paid in neat cattell under seven years old.
As witness my hand the 17 January 1692-3 The Mark and seal of Daniel Thurston.
Signed, sealed, and delivered in the presence of us, John Poore, Thomas Hale. The Mark of Stephen Thurston.

This will is quoted from pages 24 and 25 of the 1880 edition of Thurston Genalogies 1635-1880, by Brown Thurston. All spelling and grammar errors are as found from those pages, and are not altered from what was printed in the 1880 edition. (S6).

Daniel died 19 Febuary 1693 at Newbury, Essex County, Massachusetts (S8,S11,S15); and was buriedin the First Burying Ground in Newbury, Essex County, Masachusetts.

His will was probated on 4 April 1693 at Newbury, Essex County, Massachusetts (S9).

Ann (Anne) PELL. (Anna/Ann/Anne-S12).
Born in 1635 in Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts; daughter of Joseph PELL and Elizabeth JAMES. (S11,S15).

She married Daniel THURSTON on 20 October 1655 at Newbury, Essex County, Massachusetts. (S15).

She died (in 1673-S15)(after 1678-S2) in Massachusetts.



Daniel Thurston (c1631-1693) and Ann Pell
James Thurston (1670-?) and Mary Pearson
Abner Thurston (1698-c1742) and Shuah Gilman
Moses Thurston (1721-1800) and Hannah Johnson
Peter Thurston (1760-1827) and Hannah Butler
Thomas Jefferson Thurston (1805-1885) and Rosetta Bull (1809-1880) 
Peter Franklin Thurston (1851-1886) and Mary Ann Spendlove
Harriet Thurston (1872-1945) and George William Williams 
Minnie Williams (1896-1981) and Clive Vernon Tenney
Mildred Ella Tenney and Glenn Russell Handy 
Deborah Lee Handy and Rodney Allen Morris