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James I King of Aragon and Yolande of Hungary
James I King of Aragon. (the Conqueror, king of Aragon, count of Barcelona and Lord of Montpellier).
Born in 1208; son of Peter II, king of Aragon, and of Mary of Montpellier. He married Yolande of Hungary on 8 September 1235. He died in 1276.
As a child he was a pawn of power politics in Provence, where his father was engaged in struggles in the wars between the Cathars of Albi and Simon de Montfort. Peter endeavoured to placate the northern crusaders by arranging a marriage between his son James and Simon's daughter, entrusting the boy to be educated in Montfort's care in 1211, but Peter was soon forced to take up arms against them, and he was slain at Muret September 12, 1213. Montfort would willingly have used James as a means of extending his own power. The Aragonese and Catalans, however, appealed to the pope, who forced Montfort to surrender him in May or June 1214.
James was now entrusted to the care of Guillen de Monredon, the head of the Knights Templar in Spain and Provence. The kingdom was given over to confusion till in 1216 the Templars and some of the more loyal nobles brought the young king to Saragossa.
He first married, in 1221, Eleanor, daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile, and then after having the marriage annulled (though a son was declared legitimate), in 1235Events Anglo- Norman invasion of Connacht St. Elizabeth of Hungary died November 17, 1231, either from physical fatigue or from disease, only 24 years old, in Marburg. She was canonized by Pope Gregory IX in 1235. Births Ramon Llull, philospher Pope Bonif, Yolande of Hungary, daughter of Andrew II of HungaryAndrew II ( 1175- 1235) (Hungarian II. Andras Slovak Ondrej II was a son of Bela III of Hungary and succeeded his nephew, the infant Ladislaus III, in 1205. No other king of Hungary, perhaps, was so mischievous to his country. Valiant, enterprising, pious. With Yolande he was the father of Isabella of AragonIsabella of Aragon ( 1247- January 28, 1271), infanta of Aragon, was, by marriage, queen of France from 1270 to 1271. She was the daugther of James the Conqueror, king of Aragon, Valencia, and Majorca, and his second wife Yolande of Hungary, daughter of A, who married Philip III of FrancePhilip III the Bold (in French: Philippe le Hardi April 3, 1245 October 5, 1285) reigned as King of France from 1270 to 1285. A member of the Capetian dynasty, he was born in Poissy, the son of Louis IX of France and of Marguerite Berenger of Provence ( 1.
After a false start at uniting Aragon with NavarraNavarra is the Spanish name for Navarre, an ancient kingdom in the Pyrinees, and now a province and an autonomous community in Spain. Navarra was also the name of a Spanish destroyer battleship of the XIX century. through a scheme of mutual adoption, James turned to the south and the Mediterranean, conquered the Balearic IslandsComunitat Autonoma de les Illes Balears Comunidad Autonoma de las Illes Balears Capital Palma de Mallorca Official languages Catalan and Castilian Area total % of Spain Ranked 17th 4 992 kmē 1,0% Population Total (2003) % of Spain Density Ranked 14th 916 (from 1228 over the following four years) and ValenciaThis article is about the original city in Spain called "Valencia". For other uses of the name, see Valencia (disambiguation). Valencia ( Spanish: Valencia /ba'len?ja/; Valencian: Valencia /v'lensj/) is a medium-sized port city (the third la (the city capitulated September 28September 28 is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years). There are 94 days remaining. Events 480 BC The battle of Salamis is fought between the Persian and Greek navies exact date uncertain 48 BC Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King, 1238).
With the French, James endeavoured to form a state straddling the Pyrenees, to counterbalance the power of France north of the Loire. As with the earlier Visigothic attempt, this policy was victim of physical, cultural and political obstacles. As in the case of Navarra, he was too wise to launch into perilous adventures. By the Treaty of Corbeil, with Louis IX, signed May 1258, he frankly withdrew from conflict with the French king, and was content with the recognition of his position, and the surrender of antiquated and illusory French claims to the overlordship of Catalonia.
During his remaining two decades, James warred with the Moors in Murcia, on behalf of his son-in-law Alphonso the Wise of Castile. As a legislator and organizer he occupies a high place among the Spanish kings. The favor he showed his bastards led to protest from the nobles, and to conflicts between his sons legitimate and illegitimate. When one of the latter, Fernan Sanchez, who had behaved with gross ingratitude and treason to his father, was slain by the legitimate son Pedro, the old king recorded his grim satisfaction.
At the close of his life King James divided his states between his sons by Yolande of Hungary, Peter receiving the Hispanic possessions on the mainland and James, the Kingdom of Majorca (the Balearic Islands) and the Lordship of Montpellier, a division which inevitably produced fratricidal conflicts. The king fell very ill at Alcira, and resigned his crown, intending to retire to the monastery of Poblet, but died at Valencia July 7, 1276.
King James wrote or dictated at various stages a chronicle of his own life, "Llibre Dels Fets" in Catalan, which is the first self-chronicle of a Christian king. As well as a fine example of autobiography the "Book of Deeds" expresses concepts of the power and purpose of monarchy, examples of loyalty and treachery in the feudal order, the growth of national sentiment based on homeland, language and culture, and medieval military tactics.
Yolande of Hungary.
Born in 1213; daughter of Andrew II King of Hungary and Yolande DE COURTENAY. She married James I King of Aragon on 8 September 1235. She died in 1251.
CHILDREN of James I King of Aragon and Yolande of Hungary
- Violante of Aragon. She married ALFONSO X, King of Castile.
- Isabelle D'ARGON. Born in 1247 in of Aragon, Spain. She died 28 Jan 1271. Isabelle D'ARGON married Philippe III King of France on 28 May 1262.