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Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel, and Alice of Saluzzo
Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel.
Born on 3 February 1266-1267; son of John FitzAlan, 7th Earl of Arundel and Isabella de Mortimer. (S1).
Sir Richard FitzAlan was 8th Earl of Arundel from 1272 to 1302. (S1).
He married sometime before 1285, Alice of Saluzzo (also known as Alesia di Saluzzo), daughter of Thomas I of Saluzzo in Italy. (S1).
Richard and Alice's principal residence was Marlborough Castle in Wiltshire, but Richard also held Arundel Castle in Sussex and the castles of Clun and Oswestry in Shropshire. (S2).
Richard was feudal Lord of Clun and Oswestry in the Welsh Marches. After attaining his majority in 1289 he became the 8th Earl of Arundel, by being summoned to Parliament by a writ directed specifically to the "Earl of Arundel". He was knighted by King Edward I of England in 1289. (S1).
Arms of d'Aubigny, Earls of Arundel, as blazoned in Charles's Roll of Arms (13th century), for Hugh d'Aubigny, 5th Earl of Arundel (d.1243): Gules, a lion rampant or. These arms were adopted by the family of FitzAlan, successors in the Earldom of Arundel; They were recorded as the arms of Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel (1266-1302) in the Falkirk Roll, Glover's Roll and in the Caerlaverock Poem (1300) and are shown on his seal on the Barons' Letter, 1301. They are today shown in the 4th quarter of the arms of the Duke of Norfolk, of the family of Fitz-Alan Howard, who holds the subsidiary title Earl of Arundel. (S1).
He fought in the Welsh wars, 1288 to 1294, when the Welsh castle of Castell y Bere (near modern-day Towyn) was besieged by Madog ap Llywelyn. He commanded the force sent to relieve the siege and he also took part in many other campaigns in Wales ; also in Gascony 1295-97; and furthermore in the Scottish wars, 1298-1300. (S1,S2).
He died on 9 March 1301-1302 (aged 35); and was buried at Haughmond Abbey, Shropshire, England. (S1).
Alice of Saluzzo. (Alesia di Saluzzo).
Born on an unknown date in Saluzzo (present-day Province of Cuneo, Piedmont), Italy; daughter of Thomas I, 4th Margrave of Saluzzo, and Luigia di Ceva . (S1,S2).
She died on 25 September 1292, and was buried in Haughmond Abbey, Shropshire. Her husband Richard was buried alongside Alice. In 1341, provision was made for twelve candles to be burned beside their tombs.The Abbey is now a ruin as the result of a fire during the English Civil War. (S2).
CHILDREN of Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel, and Alice of Saluzzo:
- Edmund FitzAlan. 9th Earl of Arundel. (1 May 1285- 17 November 1326 by execution), married Alice de Warenne, by whom he had issue.
- John FitzAlan. a priest.
- Alice FitzAlan. Alice married Stephen de Segrave, 3rd Lord Segrave.
- Margaret FitzAlan. Margaret married William le Botiller (or Butler).
- Eleanor FitzAlan. Eleanor married Henry de Percy, 1st Baron Percy. Standard accounts of the Percy family identify Eleanor as the daughter of the "Earl of Arundel". Arrangements for Eleanor's marriage to Lord Percy are found in the recognizance made in 1300 by Eleanor's father, Richard, Earl of Arundel, for a debt of 2,000 marks which he owed Sir Henry Percy. Eleanor was styled as a "kinswoman" of Edward II on two separate occasions; once in 1318 and again in 1322 presumably by her descent from Amadeus IV, Count of Savoy who was the brother of Edward II's great-grandmother, Beatrice of Savoy. Eleanor's brothers, Edmund and John were also styled as "kinsmen" of the king. Eleanor's identity is further indicated by the presence of the old and new arms of FitzAlan (or Arundel) at her tomb. (S1).
- [S1]. Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_FitzAlan,_8th_Earl_of_Arundel.
- [S2]. Alice of Saluzzo, Countess of Arundel. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alice_of_Saluzzo,_Countess_of_Arundel.
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