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Dardanus and Batea

HUSBAND:
DARDANUS. Founder of Troy. (Dara-1 Chronicles 2:6)(Darda-1 Kings 4:31)(Dardania, Dardanus Benzerah)(Dardax-S14). King of Acadia, King of Dardania. [familytree].
Son (heir-S29) of MAHOL.

In Greek mythology, Dardanus was a son of Zeus and Electra, daughter of Atlas, and founder of the city of Dardania on Mount Ida in the Troad. (S17).
Dardanus is the legendary ancestor of the Trojans, and through them of the Romans. (S19).
He is also often noted for a flood that occurred in his days, known as the Flood of Dardanus.

The Greeks speak of three flood stories. They are the Flood of Ogyges, the Flood of Deucalion, and the Flood of Dardanus. (S17).

In historical records and legends there are several people named Dardanus. Sorting them out is difficult because their stories are usually confused with one another. The following people named Dardanus are found:
  1. Dara (Darda or Dardanus), son of Zerah and Electra.
  2. Darda, the son of Mahol. According to 1 Chronicles 2:6 and 1 Kings 4:31, Mahol is a generation that is left out. The correct descent is Zerah, Mahol, and then Darda.
  3. A descendant of Ham, through Osiris and Isis in Egypt. (S18).
  4. Dardanus, son of Corythus, an Etruscan prince.
  5. Dardanus, son of Aeneas.
  6. There are four other mythical personages of the name of Dardanus. (Hom. Il. xx. 459; Eustath. ad Il. pp. 380, 1697; Paus. viii. 24. § 2.).
  7. The son of Zeus and Electra, the daughter of Atlas. He was the brother of Jasus, Jasius, Jason, or Jasion, Aetion and Harmonia, and his native place in the various traditions is Arcadia, Crete, Troas, or Italy. (Serv. ad Virg.Aen.iii. 167.)
  8. Some visitations follow his lineage to Japeth, Son of Noah, rather than through Judah.


PARENTS OF DARDANUS:

The book of First Chronicles says:
And the sons of Zerah; Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara: five of them in all. 1 Chronicles 2:6
It is not clearly stated that Dara is the same as Dardanus, but that is how it has often been interpreted.

Darda is listed among the sons of Mahol, one of the four who were noted for their wisdom, but whom Solomon excelled. (S2).
For he [Solomon] was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all nations round about. 1 Kings 4:31
Again, it is not clearly stated that Darda is the same as Dardanus, but it has also been so interpreted. It has also been pointed out that when the scriptures used the word son, it may mean descendant.
Note that 1 Chronicles skips over a generation, but 1 Kings indicates that the correct descent is Zerah, then Mahol, then Dara (Darda):
This then clarifys that 1 and 2 are the same, Dara or Darda, son of Mahol, who was the son of Zerah.

So while Dara or Darda is often said to be the son of ZERAH (Zeus) and ELECTRA, the clarification from 1 Chronicles and 1 Kings makes the correct descent to be Zerah, Mahol, and then Darda.
Thus Dara/Darda is correctly the son of MAHOL.

Zerah is the son of Judah: And Tamar, the wife of Judah, bore him Perez and Zerah.

So while we can't say that Dara (Darda) is the same as Dardanus, especially given the time frame for each, the best we can say is that Dardanus was more probably a descendant of Mahol, Zerah and Judah.

In support of Dardanus being a descendant, the Greek poet Homer says that Dardanus was a son (or descendant) of Zeus, the chief of the Greek gods. The Roman and Greek legends say that Zeus (called Jupiter in Latin) was a son of Saturn who was also called Kronus. Writing of the Greek gods, Sanchuniathon, a Phoenician historian, says that "Kronus, whom the Phoenicians called Israel, had a son Jehud." From [this], some would cite Homer and Sanchuniathon as testifying that Dardanus (who founded the Trojan kingdom) was a descendant of Jehud (Judah) whose father was Israel. However, this deduction ignores the repeated custom that each Greek city followed as the cult of Zeus spread to it: they would identify their own municipal god-founder as Zeus and thus subsume their municipal cult into the cult of Zeus. Therefore no identification of Zeus with Judah could possibly be conclusive. In any event the Bible gives no direct evidence that the Zarhites, or any branches of that clan, abandoned the forty-year march of the Israelites and traveled to the Aegean Sea or the Black Sea (called the Euxine or Friendly Sea in those days) to found their own kingdoms. (S28,S30).

S3 gives his ancestors to Japheth, son of Noah, as: Dardan m. Iubiter m. Saru[rn] m. Celi m. Creti m. Cipri m. Cetim m. Ienan m. Iaphed.

Stripped of mythological embellishment, Dardanus son of Zeus son of Kronos is Darda son of Judah son of Israel. Actually, Darda was the grandson, great-grandson or later descendant of Judah—as the word “son” can be interpreted. In any case, Darda was, in fact, a descendant of Judah through the line of Zerah. (S30).

However, also given the improbabilities for correct dating, the best that we can say is that Dardanus may have been a descendant of Mahol, Zerah and Judah.

OTHER PARENTAGE GIVEN IS OTHER SOURCES:

Son of Corythus

According to the Italian traditions, Dardanus was the son of Corythus, an Etruscan prince of Corythus (Cortona), or of Zeus by the wife of Corythus. (Serv. ad Aen. ix. 10, vii.207.) (S3).

In a battle with the Aborigines, Dardanus lost his helmet (korus); and although he was already beaten, he led his troops to a fresh attack, in order to recover his helmet. He gained the victory, and called the place where this happened Corythus. He afterwards emigrated with his brother Jasius from Etruria. Dardanus went to Phrygia, where he founded the Dardanian kingdom, and Jasius went to Samothrace, after they had previously divided the Penates between themselves. (Serv. ad Aen. iii. 15, 167, 170, vii. 207, 210.) (S19).

The title, Coritus, seems to be equivalent to the post of viceroy or sovereign elect; the writer of the Abridgment gives it to all the princes in succession who are destined to ascend the throne. Coritus was an ancient king of Etruria, the father of Dardanus and Isaius (Servius in Aeneid, lib. vii., v. 209; lib. ix., v. 10; lib. x., v. 719); his name was handed down to his successors. (Noel.Dictionnaire de la Fable, article “Coritus.” (S24).

Son of Aeneas:

He has been said to be a son of Aeneas, but Aeneas is described as a descendant of Dardanus.

Son of Mahol:

As noted, he has been equated with Darda, the son of Mahol in First Kings, For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all nations round about. (1 Kings 4:31).

Others:

There are four other mythical personages of the name of Dardanus. (Hom.Il. xx.459; Eustath.ad Il. pp. 380, 1697; Paus. viii. 24. § 2.). Of these, Pausanias speaks of Israel when he correlates Israel with Saturn. It makes sense then that Pausanias would thus also mention Dardanus as a descendant of Israel.

BIRTH

According to (S2), he was born in 1710BC. However, note that this same sources says that Zareh was born in 1738 BC. His son Mahol could have logically been born about 1700BC. Thus at best, Dardanus would have been born probably between 1675 and 1650BC. However, it is also said that he was born about 1519 in Rameses, Goshen, Egypt. (S28,S29). Others have said that he lived about the time of the Exodus, or born in 1477 B.C. (S?).

FROM EGYPT

Darda or Dara lived in Egypt. (S17). He was born in Ramesses, Goshen, Egypt. (S2).

Hecataeus of Abdera, a fourth-century B.C. Greek historian, states that Now the Egyptians say that also after these events [the plagues of Exodus] a great number of colonies were spread from Egypt all over the inhabited world...They say also that those who set forth with Danaus, likewise from Egypt, settled what is practically the oldest city of Greece, Argos, and that the nations of the Colchi in Pontus and that of the Jews (remnant of Judah), which lies between Arabia and Syria, were founded as colonies by certain emigrants from their country [Egypt]; and this is the reason why it is a long-established institution among these peoples to circumcise their male children, the custom having been brought over from Egypt. Even the Athenians, they say, are colonists from Sais in Egypt. (Quoted from Diodorus of Sicily. G. H. Oldfather, 1933. Vol I, bks I-II, 1-34, p.91).

According to E. Raymond Capt, "Darda, "the Egyptian," (son of Zerah) was "DARDANUS," the EGYPTIAN FOUNDER OF TROY." (Jacob's Pillar. Artisan Sales, Thousand Oaks, CA. 1977. P. 25). The early migration of Darda is noted in the book How Israel Came to Britain, which states that groups of Israelites began to migrate away from the main body BEFORE THE ISRAEL NATION WAS FORMED -- while, as a people, they were STILL IN BONDAGE IN EGYPT. One of these groups under the leadership of Calcol, a prince of the tribe of Judah, went westward across the Mediterranean eventually settling in Ulster [Ireland]. ANOTHER, under the leadership of DARDANUS, a brother of Calcol, CROSSED TO ASIA MINOR to found the Kingdom later known as TROY. -- Canadian British Israel Assn. Windsor, Ontario. P.2. (S26).

Other British Israelite writers as well state that the "Dara" or "Darda" (son of Zerah) mentioned in Chronicles is the Egyptian founder of Dardania. W. H. Bennett argues that Darda came to Asia Minor before the Exodus, to found the kingdom later known as Troy. (S26).

Having his roots orignially in Egypt explain why he was called by some to be a descendant of Ham or Osiris and Isis.

IN GREECE

His original home was supposed to have been in Arcadia, where he married Chryse, who brought him as dowry the Palladium or image of Pallas, presented to her by the goddess herself, having slain his brother lasius or lasion (according to others, lasius was struck by lightning). Dardanus fled across the sea. (S17).

It is necessary to distinguish between the earlier Greek legends and the later ones which we meet with in the poetry of Italy. According to the former, he was married to Chryse, the daughter of Pallas, in Arcadia, who bore him two sons, Idaeus and Deimas. These sons ruled for a time over the kingdom of Atlas in Arcadia, but then they separated on account of a great flood, and the calamities resulting from it. Deimas remained in Arcadia, while Idaeus emigrated with his father, Dardanus. (S19).

Iasus, in spite of his good fortune and status, gave nothing to his younger brother Dardanus and made him look like a slave by comparison. Dardanus became jealous and fought against Iasus, and many of the population were drawn into an inconclusive civil war. Dardanus killed his brother Iasus while he was washing at a spring, an act that was considered reprehensible throughout the kingdom. Dardanus had no choice but to sail off, together with some of his followers, and he went to Asia Minor and built up the kingdom of Troy. In the meantime, Coribantus, the son of Iasus, became king of Italy but not of France. There was no king in France for a while, until they appointed Allobrox who was also descended from Hercules. (S18).

DEPARTURE FROM ARCADIA-ARGOS

According to Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Dardanus left Pheneus in Arcadia to colonize a land in the North-East Aegean Sea. When the Dardanus deluge occurred, the land was flooded and the mountain on which he and his family survived formed the island of Samothrace. He left Samothrace on an inflated skin to the opposite shores of Asia Minor and settled at the foot of Mount Ida. Due to the fear of another flood they didn't build a city, but lived in the open for fifty years. His grandson Tros eventually built a city, which was named Troy after him. (S17).

Dardanus married Chryse daughter of Pallas by whom he fathered two sons: Idaeus and Dymas. When a great flood occurred, the survivors, who were living on mountains that had now become islands, split into two groups: one group remained and took Deimas as king while the other sailed away, eventually settling in the island of Samothrace. There Iasus (Iasion) was slain by Zeus for lying with Demeter. Dardanus and his people found the land poor and so most of them set sail for Asia.

However another account by Virgil in his Aeneid (3.163f), has Aeneas in a dream learn from his ancestral Penates that "Dardanus and Father Iasius" and the Penates themselves originally came from Hesperia which was afterward renamed as Italy. This tradition holds that Dardanus was a Tyrrhenian prince, and that his mother Electra was married to Corythus, king of Tarquinia (Aeneid 7.195-242; 8. 596 ss. ; 9. 10; Servio, ad Vergilium, Aeneidos, 9.10).

This is indicative of the Greek storytellers penchant of taking bits of history and making a good story out of it to please their listeners.

TO SAMOTHRACE

He first stopped at Samothrace.

They first arrived in Samothrace, which was henceforth called Dardania, and after having established a colony there, they went to Phrygia. (S19).

Dardanus stayed for some time in Samothrace, hoping to be called back to Italy, but it never happened. Then he went to Phrygia and was welcomed by Athus, the fourth generation descendant of Athus the Great, who we have already mentioned. Since Athus was descended from Hercules, there was a possibility that someone in his family might be offered the kingdom in Italy that Dardanus had been denied. So Dardanus resigned all right to a kingdom in Italy and offered it to one of the sons of Athus, in return for the right to build a kingdom of his own somewhere in Phrygia. They drew lots to choose between two sons of Athus, called Lydus and Turrhenus. The lot fell to Turrhenus, who went to Italy and was received by Queen Cibeles and her son Coribantus, king of Tuscania. Coribantus appointed 12 dukes to govern his country, and Turrhenius was one of them. (S18).

The stories are clear though that when the island was visited by a flood, he crossed over to the Troad.

Other accounts make no mention of Arcadia or Hesperia, though they sometimes mention a flood and speak of Dardanus sailing on a hide-raft from Samothrace to the Troad near Abydos.

He then sailed from Samothrace to Troas in a raft made of hides. (S4).

THE FLOOD OF DARDANUS

The date of the Flood of Dardanus is difficult to determine. More so because it is confused with the Floods of Ogyges and Deucalion. It is sometimes equated with the time period of Moses and the Exodus, which would make it contemporary with the Flood of Ogyges.

Source [S20] places the Flood of Dardanus in 1159 BC, or not long before the Second Trojan War, and that the flood was caused by a comet. However, it also states that the comet was in 1159 BC, and that the flood occurred 30 years later, which would have been a time after the Second Trojan War.

The ancient southwestern Russians, erstwhile the Crimeans, named after the Gomer (gimmiri/cimmiri/cimmerians) of Genesis 10, have an ancient legend of the Flood of Dardan, the namesake of the Dardanelles, during whose time, the world ocean flooded into what then was a huge lake to become the Black Sea, connected to the world ocean of the Aegean through the Dardanelles, where then Troy was begun to be built to grandeur by Troas, a son of Dardanus (Dardan), known to have live circa 1400 B.C., actually when the Ice Age had just ended for that risen world ocean to have flooded saltwater into the huge inland lake. (S21).

Dardan, from ancient Russian legend (of the cimmerians of Crimea), is the Dardanus of Greek legend, one of the founders of Troy, and the namesake of the Dardanelles strait, which connected the world ocean to the black sea lake when the Ice Age ended, in the time of king Dardanus (Dardan), commonly considered to have lived circa 1500 B.C. by most ancient Greek historians, which was the time too that Atlantis went under, and the Exodus of the Jews occurred, as the climate dried out in the middle latitudes, and the sea level rose to consume much Greek real estate too, with many megalithic ruins now submerged off Greece, some off Abdera, Samothrace, and Lemnos, of the mysterious Pelasgians, the sons of Pelasgus, who was the Peleg of the Bible, the great navigators and builders of the ice age Aegean, and beyond, commonly acknowledged by mainstream archaeologists and ancient historians to have been the first great tribe of the Aegean, along with the Ionians (of Iawan, the Javan of the Bible). (S21).

Submerged bronze age structures have been photographed by Robert Ballard off Sinope in the Black Sea, which surprised him and his fellow mainstream scientists, who think the Ice Age ended circa 10000 B.C., but with hundreds of other submerged bronze age ruins’ sites now known and photographed in many parts of the world, such as off southern Spain (see category Atlantis Revealed), lend all the credence needed for the notion that the Ice Age ended much later than we’ve been told, when the catastrophic climate change known to have swept the world began circa 1500 B. C., described in the ancient Egyptian Ipuwer Papyrus, and evidenced with bronze age ruins, built next to streams or lakes, now high and dry, often in deserts. (S5).

The so-called bronze age ended because the Ice Age ended, then because navigation and oceanic commerce was greatly curtailed by the disruption to these coastal cultures with the sea level rise of a few hundred feet when the Ice Age ended (within about a century), then turned more to iron for weaponry and tools, locally available, as the tin needed for bronze was rare in the Mediterranean region, probably having come from Cornwall, Britain, part of the Atlantean empire, where the Formorians, the men from Morocco (in the shadow of the Atlas mountains) had settled to exploit the rich tin deposits there, and built Stonehenge, the monument to precession timekeeping, used to measure, map, and navigate the earth during the Ice Age, the method explained in article #2 at http://IceAgeCivilizations.com. (S21).

Let’s consider two famous floods in history, the flooding of the Black Sea, what the ancient Cimmerians knew as the flood at the time of Dardan, when the ice age great lake north of Turkey was connected to the world ocean by the sea level rise when the Ice Age ended, and the not-really-arguably historical flooding of Atlantis, which Plato said occurred circa 9600 B.C. But this date is clearly absurd, considering the bronze age weaponry and global navigation spoken of in his story, both floods therefore apparently having been the same flood, when the Ice Age ended, but much later than popularly advertised. (S21).

The flood which submerged the coastal cities of the Aegean Pelasgians was the legendary flood at the time of king Ogyges, who is commonly thought to have lived circa 1500 B.C., right in line with this “late” date for the end of the Ice Age, conforming to the timeline of the flood of Dardanus, and when you consider that Plato reported the flooding of empire of Atlantis (which according to his report extended far inside and outside the Straits of Gibraltar) occurred around the time of the Greek kings, Erysichthon, Erectheus, and Cecrops, anciently written to have lived after the 189 years of anarchy which followed the flood of Ogyges, you can see that Plato had the date for the submergence of Atlantis wrong, and he should have known it, according to the legends of Dardanus, Ogyges, and those other Greek kings whom he knew lived not 9,000 years before his time. (S21).

William Ryan and Walter Pitman are Columbia University geophysicists who study sediments on the floors of the oceans—sediments that record the climatic history of the world. Ryan had explored the floor of the Mediterranean in 1970 in the Glomar Challenger, a ship engaged in the Deep Sea Drilling Project, a program of the U.S National Science Foundation. Both scientists became interested in the findings from the 1967 voyage into the Black Sea of Atlantis II, a ship engaged by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution of Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Cores from the bottom of the Black Sea contained evidence that the sea had once been a lake. While Russian scientists had been studying this phenomenon for years, Western scientists were not aware of the research. The authors of the paper describing the event stated, The permanent drowning of a vast terrestrial landscape may possibly have accelerated the dispersal of early neolithic foragers and farmers into the interior of Europe at that time. (Ryan, et al. 1997). (S23).

The Black Sea swallowed up a large area of land which retreated before it, (Pliny the Elder, 23-79 AD, Natural History). (S23).

From his home in the highlands of Arcadia, the emigrant Dardanus is said to have made his way to the island of Samothrace. According to one account, he floated thither on a raft; but according to another version of the legend, the great flood overtook him, not in Arcadia, but in Samothrace, and he escaped on an inflated skin, drifting on the face of the waters till he landed on Mount Ida, where he founded Dardania or Troy. Certainly, the natives of Samothrace, who were great sticklers for their antiquity, claimed to have had a deluge of their own before any other nation on earth. They said that the sea rose and covered a great part of the flat land in their island, and that the survivors retreated to the lofty mountains which still render Samothrace one of the most conspicuous features in the northern Aegean and are plainly visible in clear weather from Troy. As the sea still pursued them in their retreat, they prayed to the gods to deliver them, and on being saved they set up landmarks of their salvation all around the island and built altars on which they continued to sacrifice down to later ages. And many centuries after the great flood fishermen still occasionally drew up in their nets the stone capitals of columns, which told of cities drowned in the depths of the sea. The causes which the Samothracians alleged for the inundation were very remarkable. The catastrophe happened, according to them, not through a heavy fall of rain, but through a sudden and extraordinary rising of the sea occasioned by the bursting of the barriers which till then had divided the Black Sea from the Mediterranean. At that time the enormous volume of water dammed up behind these barriers broke bounds, and cleaving for itself a passage through the opposing land created the straits which are now known as the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles, through which the waters of the Black Sea have ever since flowed into the Mediterranean. When the tremendous torrent first rushed through the new opening in the dam, it washed over a great part of the coast of Asia, as well as the flat lands of Samothrace. (S22).

Now this Samothracian tradition is to some extent confirmed by modern geology. "At no very distant period," we are told, "the land of Asia Minor was continuous with that of Europe, across the present site of the Bosphorus, forming a barrier several hundred feet high, which dammed up the waters of the Black Sea. A vast extent of eastern Europe and of western central Asia thus became a huge reservoir, the lowest part of the lip of which was probably situated somewhat more than 200 feet above the sea-level, along the present southern watershed of the Obi, which flows into the Arctic Ocean. Into this basin, the largest rivers of Europe, such as the Danube and the Volga, and what were then great rivers of Asia, the Oxus and Jaxartes, with all the intermediate affluents, poured their waters. In addition, it received the overflow of Lake Balkash, then much larger; and, probably, that of the inland sea of Mongolia. At that time, the level of the Sea of Aral stood at least 60 feet higher than it does at present. Instead of the separate Black, Caspian, and Aral seas, there was one vast Ponto-Aralian Mediterranean, which must have been prolonged into arms and fiords along the lower valleys of the Danube, and the Volga (in the course of which Caspian shells are now found as far as the Kuma), the Ural, and the other affluent rivers—-while it seems to have sent its overflow, northward, through the present basin of the Obi."

This enormous reservoir or vast inland sea, bounded and held up by a high natural dam joining Asia Minor to the Balkan Peninsula, appears to have existed down to the Pleistocene period; and the erosion of the Dardanelles, by which the pent-up waters at last found their way into the Mediterranean, is believed to have taken place towards the end of the Pleistocene period or later. But man is now known for certain to have inhabited Europe in the Pleistocene period; some hold that he inhabited it in the Pliocene or even the Miocene period.3 Hence it seems possible that the inhabitants of Eastern Europe should have preserved a traditional memory of the vast inland Ponto-Aralian sea and of its partial desiccation through the piercing of the dam which divided it from the Mediterranean, in other words, through the opening of the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles. If that were so, the Samothracian tradition might be allowed to contain a large element of historical truth in regard to the causes assigned for the catastrophe. (S22).

On the other hand geology seems to lend no support to the tradition of the catastrophe itself. For the evidence tends to prove that the strait of the Dardanelles was not opened suddenly, like the bursting of a dam, either by the pressure of the water or the shock of an earthquake, but that on the contrary it was created gradually by a slow process of erosion which must have lasted for many centuries or even thousands of years ; for the strait "is bounded by undisturbed Pleistocene strata forty feet thick, through which, to all appearance, the present passage has been quietly cut." l Thus the lowering of the level of the Ponto-Aralian sea to that of the Mediterranean can hardly have been sudden and catastrophic, accompanied by a vast inundation of the Asiatic and European coasts ; more probably it was effected so slowly and gradually that the total amount accomplished even in a generation would be imperceptible to ordinary observers or even to close observers unprovided with instruments of precision. (S22).

Hence, instead of assuming that Samothracian tradition preserved a real memory of a widespread inundation consequent on the opening of the Dardanelles, it seems safer to suppose that this story of a great flood is nothing but the guess of some early philosopher, who rightly divined the origin of the straits without being able to picture to himself the extreme slowness of the process by which nature had excavated them. As a matter of fact, the eminent physical philosopher Strata, who succeeded Theophrastus as head of the Peripatetic school in 287 B.C., actually maintained this view on purely theoretical grounds, not alleging it as a tradition which had been handed down from antiquity, but arguing in its favor from his observations of the natural features of the Black Sea. He pointed to the vast quantities of mud annually washed down by great rivers into the Euxine, and he inferred that but for the outlet of the Bosphorus the basin of that sea would in time be silted up. Further, he conjectured that in former times the same rivers had forced for themselves a passage through the Bosphorus, allowing their collected waters to escape first to the Propontis, and then from it through the Dardanelles to the Mediterranean. Similarly he thought that the Mediterranean had been of old an inland sea, and that its junction with the Atlantic was effected by the dammed up water cutting for itself an opening through the Straits of Gibraltar. Accordingly we may conclude that the cause which the Samothracians alleged for the great flood was derived from an ingenious speculation rather than from an ancient tradition. (S22).

THE DARDANELLES

The name Dardanelles comes from Dardanus, mythical ancestor of nearby Troy. It was also called the Hellespont in ancient times. According to ancient writers, in mythology,the name derives from Hele who fell from the back of the golden-fleeced ram whilepassing through the strait on the way to Colchis in the Black Sea. Despite unpredictableweather and swift surface currents, the Dardanelles has been a strategic water routeand an object of conquest throughout history. Unlike the Bosphorus in Istanbul, there isno bridge today on the Dardanelles. In the 5 BC the Persian king Xerxes built a pontoonbridge which stretched from Abydos to Sestos for his war against the Greeks. (S25).

IN THE TROAD

All accounts agree that Dardanus came to the Troad from Samothrace and was there welcomed by King Teucer and that Dardanus married Batea the daughter of Teucer. (Dionysius mentions that Dardanus' first wife Chryse had died.) Dardanus received land on Mount Ida from his father-in-law.

When Chryse died, Dardanus married Batea, the daughter of Teucrus, or Arisbe of Crete, by whom he became the father of Erichthonius and Idaea. (Hom.Il. xx.215, &c.; Apollod. iii. 12. § 1, &c., 15. § 3; Dionys. i. 61, &c.; Lycophr. 1302; Eustath.ad Il. p. 1204; Conon.Narr.21; Strab. vii. p. 331; Paus. vii. 4. § 3, 19. § 3; Diod. iv. 49; Serv. ad Aen. i. 32.) (S19).

He was hospitably received by King Teucer, who gave him land near Abydos. He married BATES ASIA ILIUM, King Teucer’s daughter, and they became the royal house of Dardania (Acadia). (S3). There Dardanus founded the city of Dardania.

He founded there the city of Dardania, on the Hellespont. (S4). When King Teucers died, Dardanus became king and called his kingdom Dardania. (S3).

In Phrygia, Dardanus received a tract of land from king Teucrus, on which he built the town of Dardanus. At his marriage with Chryse, she had brought him as a dowry the palladia and sacra of the great gods, whose worship she had learned, and which worship Dardanus introduced into Samothrace, though without making the people acquainted with the names of the gods. Servius (ad Aen. viii. 285) states, that he also instituted the Salii in Samothrace. When he went to Phrygia he took the images of the gods with him; and when, after forming the plan of founding a town, he consulted the oracle, he was told, among other things, that the town should remain invincible as long as the sacred dowry of his wife should be preserved in the country under the protection of Athena. After the death of Dardanus those palladia (others mention only one palladium) were carried to Troy by his descendants. (S19).

Dardanus is said to have Built Ttoy about thirty-four years before the Exodus. (S11). This would have been about 1460BC.

Dardanus and his people went to a place on the coast of Phrygia, at the Hellespont, and built the city of Dardania, so that it was founded 833 years after the Flood. (S18). With the flood of Noah ending in 2345BC, this places the settlement in Dardania about 1512BC.

Turrhenus, who had gone to Italy, returned to Phrygia to visit Dardanus, but he never went back to Italy. Instead he stayed with Dardanus and they ruled together as neighbours. Turrhenus offered his daughter Batea in marriage to Dardanus, and their descendants succeeded them as heirs to the kingdom. It was in the days of their grandson Troas that the city of Dardania was first known as Troy. (S18).

His capital, Dardania, was later called Troy after his grandson Tros.

His descendants, the Trojans, were sometimes called the Dardani (Dardabs), of the Troad.

Marriage:

All accounts agree that Dardanus came to the Troad from Samothrace and was there welcomed by King Teucer and that Dardanus married Batea the daughter of Teucer. (Dionysius mentions that Dardanus' first wife Chryse had died.) Dardanus received land on Mount Ida from his father-in-law. There Dardanus founded the city of Dardania. (S29).

According to some, Batia was Dardanus's second wife, whom he married after the death of his first wife Chryse. (S29).

The reports of his death also vary:

He ruled from 1477 to 1412. (S9).

He died in 1414BC in Rameses, Goshen, Egypt. (S14,S28,S29). But it is more likely that he died in Dardania than in Egypt.

It was said that when Dardanus died, Electra (of the Pleides) hid her face in her grief. This was to explain that of the seven stars of the Pleiades, Electra's star was the dimmest.

IN SUMMARY

With no concrete evidence for support of any theories of the parentage of Dardanus, the best that I can assume is that Dardanus is perhaps a descendant of Judah and Mahol, rather than son and grandson. This seems to be indicated more than anything by the time span between their supposed probable dates. If he was indeed born about 1650BC, this would make him to be well over 200 years old at the time of his death. While not impossible, given the age of the Biblical Patriarchs, it is quite unlikely to have occurred this late after the time of Noah.

WIFE:
BATEA. (BATEA ASIA ILIUM)(Batia)(Batea-S4)(Bates)(Bateia-S28) Princess of Troy.
Born (about 1480-S28); daughter of King TEUCER. (S3). (Daughter of Teucri-S14)(daughter of Turrhenus-S18).

The Teucrians, according to [the first-century-B.C. Greco-Roman geographer] Strabo, were Cretans who settled in the Troad. (S30).

She died (about 1368-S28).

CHILDREN of Dardanus and Batea:
  1. Ilus. Ilus became king first, but he died young and childless, so his younger brother Erichthonius succeeded him as king of Dardania. This Ilus should not be confused with Ilus, son of Tros, who later founded Ilium, which was often called Troy.
  2. Erichthonius. (Erictanus). [Familytree]. King of Troy (Dardania). King of Acadia. He married Astyoche Ilium.
  3. Idaeus. Idaeus emigrated with his father, Dardanus, to Troy. Mount Ida was named after him.
  4. Dymas. (Deimas). He remained in Arcadia after the flood.


SOURCES:

*~*~*~*~**~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*

ANCESTORS OF DARDANUS
Adam (4001BC-3071BC) and  Eve
Seth (3871BC-2959BC)
Enos (3766BC-2861BC)
Cainaan (3676BC-2766BC)
Mahaleleel (3606BC-2711BC)
Jared (3541BC-2579BC)
Enoch (3379BC-2948BC)
Methusalah (2214BC-2345BC)
Lamech (3127BC-2350BC)
Noah (2945BC-1995BC)
Shem (2443BC-1843BC)
Arphaxad (2343BC-1905BC)
Salah (2308BC-1875BC)
Eber (2278BC-1814BC)
Peleg (2244BC-2005BC)
Reu (2214BC1975BC)
Sereug (2182BC-1952BC)
Nahor (2152BC-2004BC)
Terah (2122BC-1918BC)
Abraham (2052BC-1877BC) and Sarah
Isaac (1892BC-1713BC) and Rebekah
Jacob (Israel) (1892BC-1739BC)  and Leah
Judah (c1870-after1670BC) and Tamar
Mahol
  |
(descendant of?)
  |
Dardanus (Dara) (King) of ACADIA) and Batea of Teucri


HOW ARE WE RELATED
Dardanus (Dara) (c1519-?), King of Acadia, and Batea of Teucri
Erichthonius (c1486BC-c1366BC), King of Acadia, and Astyoche of Acadia 
Troas (c1337BC-c1281BC), King of Dardania,  and Callirhoe Ilium
Assaracus (c1280BC-1170BC), King of Dardania, and Hieromneme
Capys (c1250BC-?), King of Dardania, and Themiste of Troy
Anchises (c1230BC-?), King of Dardania, and Fetjuir
Aeneas (c1210BC-c1150BC), King of Latium, and Creusa (Cassandra) of Troy
Iulus Ascanius ap Aeneas (c1190-c1137BC), founder & 1st King of Alba Longa,  and Roma
Sylvius ap Iulus (Hisicion) (c1170-?)  
Brutus of the Britons and of Latium, and Ignoge of Greece  
Camber ap Brutus,  King of Cambria & Cornwall  
Gorbonian ap Camber, King of Cambria & Cornwall   
Dyfynwal Hen, King of Cambria & Cornwall   
Cyngen ap Dyfynwal, Duke/King of Cambria & Cornwall   
Asser ap Cyngen, Duke/King of Cambria & Cornwall  
Bleiddud ap Asser, Duke/King of Cambria & Cornwall   
Henwyn ap Bleiddud, Duke/King of Cambria & Cornwall   
Cunedda ap Henwyn, King in Britain  (? - 772? BC)  
Rhiwallon ap Cunedda, King in Britain  
Gwrwst, ap Rhiwallon (? - 735? BC), King in Britain  
Seisyll ap Gwrwst (Sisillius I), King in Britain  
Antonius ap Seisyll 
  |
(descendant of?)
  | 
Aedd MAWR (King/Duke) of CORNWALL   
Prydain ap AEDD of CORNWALL  
Dyfnarth (Duke/King) of CORNWALL  
Crydon (Krydon) the CAMBRIAN  
Cerwydr the CAMBRIAN  
Capoir of the DRUIDS (King) of BRITONS  
Digueillus (King) of BRITONS  
Heli I (King) of BRITONS  
Cas `the Exile'  
Huw the MIGHTY  
Lugh II `the Shining One'  (? - 103 BC)  
Beli (Heli II)  (? - 55 BC)  
Caswallon ap BELI (King) of the CATUVELLAUNI  (? - 47 BC)  
Addedomaros  (? - 25+ BC)  
Dubnovellus   
Beli (Belus) of BRITAIN  and Annia (Antonia) 
Afallach ap BELI of BRITAIN  and poss.  Anna PROPHETE 
Owain (Eugein) ap AFALLACH of BRITAIN  and  Athilda of BRITONS 
Brychwain (Brithguein) ap OWAIN of BRITAIN  and Emerita verch COEL of B.
Alyfon (King) of SILURIA  
Anyn ap ALYFON  
Dingad (Dindad Dingarth) ap ANYN  
Greidiol (Cridol) `Galofydd' ap DINGAD  
Ceraint (Geraint Keraint Kerint) ap GREIDIOL  
Merion (Meirion) ap CERAINT  
Arch (Arthen Arth) ap MERION  
Caid (Keit Kait Ceidio) ibn ARCH  
Gwyn ap CAID  
Ceri (Keri) Hir Lyngwyn ap GWYN  
Baran ap Ceri  (c20BC-?)
Llyr Lleddiarth ap Baran (c20AD-?) and Penardun
Bran Siluria ap Llyr Lleddiarth (Bran Fendigaid)(Bran the Blessed),  Arch Druid
Avallach ap Bran
Euddolen Ap Afallach
Eudos Ap Euddolen
Eifydd Ap Eudos
Eudeyrn ap Eifydd and Millisanndia verch Seysild
Euddigan ap Eudeyrn and Generys verch Tegwaret
Ryddrech Rhodri ap Euddigan and Margareta verch Eynon
Gloyw Gwallthir ap Rhodi
Gwidolin ap Gloyw
Gwidol ap Gwidolin and Dinoi of Lidinin
Guorthenau Vortigern ap Gwidol and Sevira ferch Macsen
Cadeyrn, King of Powys, (Gwrtheyrn) Vortigern  
Kadell (Cadell) ap Caderyn (c580-?)
Gwnfyw Frych  ap Cadell 
Gwynnan ap Gwnfyw Frych
Gwriawn (Gwylawr)  ap Gwynnan  (c615-?)  
Byordderch ap Gwriawn (c650-?)
Bywyn ap Byordderch  (c705-?) 
Gwaethgar Gwaeddgar ap Bywyn (c755-?) 
Gwrgant (Gwrgeneu) ap Gwaeddgar (c790-?)
Cadfarch ap Gwrgant  (c830-?)
Ynyr ap Cadfarch (c870-949) and Rheingar verch Lluddoccaf
Tudor Trevor ap Ynyr (900-948) and Angharad verch Hywel Dda
Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor (c930-?) and Sissely verch Seferws (Seferys)
Rhiwallon ap Dyngad of Maelor Gymraeg (c965-1073) 
Caradog ap Rhiwallon (c1000-?)
Breichiol ap Caradog (c1030-?) 
Pyll ap Breichiol (c1060-?) 
Meurig ap Pyll of Penhros  (c1095-?) 
Caradog ap Meurig of Penrhos  (c1125-?)
Iorwerth ap Caradog (c1160-?) and Alis verch Bleddyn Broadspear
Adam ap Iorwerth (Adam Gwent) (c1190-1246), of Llanfriafael and Goleuddydd verch Hywel
John ap Adam (Adam Fynchan)(John ap Adam) (c1220-c1270) and N.N. Burchill/(verch Dafydd)
John ap Adam  (c1255-c1310)  and Elizabeth de Gournay
(Sir) Thomas ap Adam (c1307-c1342)  and Joan Inge
John ap Adams (c1332-1376) and Millicent Bessylls
John Adams (c1360-c1424)  and Clara Powell  (changed name from ap Adams to Adams)
Roger Adams (1392-?) and Jane Ellyott
Thomas Adams (1422-?) and Maria Upton
John Adams (1452-?) and Jane Rannelegh (Benneleigh)
John Adams (1482-1557) and Catharine Stebbing
John Adams (1502-?)  and Margaret Squier
Richard Adams (c1530-1603) and Margaret Armager
Robert Adams (1568-1602) and Elizabeth Sharlon
Robert Adams and Eleanor Wilmot
Elizabeth Adams and Edward Phelps
Samuel Phelps and Sarah Chandler
John Phelps and Sarah Andrews
John Phelps and Deborah Lovejoy
Samuel Phelps and Margaret Nevins
Ebenezer Ferrin and Lydia Phelps
Samuel Ferrin and Sally Clotilda Powell
Lydia Powell Ferrin and George William Washington Williams
George William Williams and Harriett Thurston
Minnie Williams and Clive Vernon Tenney
Mildred Ella Tenney and Glenn Russell Handy
Deborah Lee Handy and Rodney Allen Morris