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(Sir) Alexander Colquhoun and Margaret Helen Buchanan



HUSBAND:
(Sir) Alexander COLQUHOUN. Fifteenth Lord of Colquhoun and seventeenth Lord of Luss. [Familytree].
Born (about 1573)(in 1573-S8,S11) in Luss, Dunbartonshire, Scotland; son of Sir John COLQUHOUN and Agnes BOYD. (S6,S8).

He succeeded his brother Humphrey as the Lord of Colquhoun and Luss when Humphrey was treacherously shot in 1592 and died without male issue.

Alexander married Margaret Helen BUCHANAN on (8)(18-S3,S11) August 1595 in Luss, Dunbartonshire, Scotland. The marriage of Alexander and Helen was arranged with a view to putting an end to the feud between the two families.

Alexander was chief of the clan during the feuds with Clan MacGregor.

The MacGregors had been a source of irritation to many clans and King James, having taken official notice, placed clan a under official restraint - Archibald, the seventh Earl of Argyll, having received a royal commission in 1593 specifically for this task. But by 1602 the MacGregor raids had grown so numerous and troublesome that Alexander received permission from King James VI on September 1st 1602, giving the Colquhouns the right to bear offensive arms. Alexander further complained to His Magesty against the Earl of Argyll for permitting the MacGregors to commit 'outrages' upon him and his tenants, but while fined, the charges themselves were dismissed when Alexander was unable to prove them. (S11).

On 7 December 1603, the MacGregors raided Glenfinlas (not to be confused with the later battle at Glenfruin) breaking into homes, stealing personal and household possessions, and taking 300 cows, 100 horses, 400 sheep and 400 goats. Many people were also killed or wounded. Having failed to get the crown to act earlier, Alexander was convinced this time by two of his aides to take with him to court a number of women, carrying the bloody shirts of their murdered or wounded husbands and sons to the King, who was at Stirling. The tactic worked. James was so moved that he gave Alexander Colquhoun commission on December 21st to pursue and prosecute the MacGregors for this crime. (S11).

This commission enraged the lawless MacGregors. Clan chief Allester MacGregor led a force of 300 to 400 clansmen into the territory of Luss. Alexander quickly assembled a force of 300 militia and 500 calvary to repel the invaders. These forces met on 7 February 1603 at Glenfruin (the Glen of Sorrows) a verdant valley with deep loamy soil. Allester, knowing of Alexander's approach, divided his army - the main body presented itself only after the Colquhouns were well into the soft, loamy soil of the Glen and the other half circling behind Alexander's forces to cut off any retreat. One tale says that Allester was initially discouraged when he saw the size of the Colquhoun force, but a Seer convinced the clanchief of success, telling him he saw 'shrouds of the dead wrapt' around the Colquhouns. (S11).

The soft ground put Alexander's calvary at a distinct disadvange, horses becoming stuck in the mire and unable to manouver. It was not long before the battle started to turn against the Colquhouns. Alexander's men, having taken terrible losses, fought their way through the MacGregor rear guard, Alexander himself having his horse shot out from under him and was chased all the way back to Castle Eossdhu. The Colquhouns had 140 dead and many more wounded, with the MacGregors killing even defenceless women and children found near the field of battle. The victorious MacGregors then plundered the Colquhoun lands, taking 600 cows and oxen, 800 sheep and goats, 200 horses and as much plunder as they could carry. Many of the houses and barnyards near Glenfruin were burnt to the ground. (S11).

For King James VI, this MacGregor outrage was the final straw. On April 3rd 1603, only two days before he left Scotland to take possession of the English throne (upon the death of Queen Elizabeth) an Act of Privy Council was passed abolishing the name of Gregor or MacGregor. All of this surname were commanded, upon penalty of death, to change it for another. Death also to anyone giving food or shelter to anyone to any MacGregor clansman. Furthermore, any MacGregor present at the Battle of Glenfruin was forbidden from carrying any weapon except for a pointless knife useful only for the cutting of meat. And when the MacGregors still refused to disband, the government offered bounties and free pardon to anyone who should arrest, put to death or present to justice any of that clan. What followed was an officially sanctioned extermination of that clan and Alexander led the Colquhouns on many attacks against the MacGregors, even as late as 1613. (S11).

Captured nearly a year after Glenfruin, tried and awaiting the gallows, Allester MacGregor confessed that the Earl of Argyll, who had been charged by the crown with restraining the clan, had secretly instigated the MacGregors into attacking the Earl's enemies, including the Clan Colquhoun. Whether Allester said this because his capture was the result of a betrayal by the Earl or because it was true is unknown. The crown did not believe him. (S11).

1615 was the year that Patrick, Earl of Orkney was tried for treasonable rebellion and Alexander Colquhoun was appointed to the court, but was absent citing a "great sickness". Alexander Colquhoun died two years later, on May 23rd, 1617 at the age of 44. His eldest son, John, became Lord of Colquhoun and Luss upon his passing. (S11).

Alexander was given a grant in 1616 of 1000 acres in the Barony of Raphoe in County Donegal, Ireland; on which, by terms of the grant, he was required to make a residence for a period in each year. His son Adam did this for him, and ultimately inherited the property, creating the beginning of the family in Ireland.

Alexander's will is dated 17 MAY 1617. He died on 23 MAY 1617 and was buried in Luss, Dunbartonshire, Scotland.

His eldest son, John, became Lord of Colquhoun and Luss upon his passing. (S11).



WIFE:
Margaret Helen Buchanan. [Familytree].
Born in 1576 in Buchanan, Sterling, Scotland; daughter of (Sir) George BUCHANAN and Margaret (Mary) GRAHAM.

She married Sir Alexander COLQUHOUN on (8)(18-S3,S11) August 1595 in Luss, Dunbartonshire, Scotland.

She died on 23 MAY 1617 in Luss, Dunbartonshire, Scotland.

CHILDREN of (Sir) Alexander COLQUHOUN and Margaret Helen Buchanan:
  1. (Sir) John COLQUHOUN. [Familytree].Sixteenth Lord of Colquhoun and Eighteenth of Luss. Born in 1596 in Dunbarton, Scotland. He was said to be the First Baronet of Nova Scotia, but this is a confusion with his grandnephew. He married (1) Lilias Graham, eldest daughter of the fourth Earl of Montrose (and sister of the great Marquis), on 6 July 1620 in Scotland. He fell in love with his wife's pretty sister, Lady Katherine (Catherine) Graham, and after eloping with her, fled the country to die in exile in Italy. He was accused of using Witchcraft and sorcery to woo her, and criminal charges were raised against him for "abduction by sorcery." He was in absentia declared a fugutive from justice, excommunicated, and his life escheat was given away. Sir John was said to be a necromancer who was skilled in Black Magic and was the last family member to openly practice witchcraft. This may have been said because of this affair with Katherine, and the subsequent trial. He died 1655 in Italy while in exile, and was buried in Italy. He was succeeded by his son, Sir John Colquhoun, seventeenth of Colquhoun and nineteenth of Luss, in 1647, who married Margaret Baillie in 1676, daughter of Sir Gideon Baillie, of Lochend, and his wife, Magdalene Cormigie, the second daughter of David, Lord Cormigie, eldest son of David, first Earl of Southesk.
  2. Humphry COLQUHOUN. Born on 2 February 1598 in Dumbarton, Dumbartonshire, Scotland. He married Margaret Somerville, daughter of Gilbert, the eighth Lord Somerville, in 1620 in Scotland. Humphrey's father, Alexander, left a sum of money for the purpose of purchasing an estate for him, which his brother John did. Humphrey took possession of the estate known as Balvie Logan on June 11th, 1629. The property included a tower, 'fortalice' and mannor. When his brother John was nearly ruined, some say through financial mismanagement and others due to an elicit elopement with his wife's sister, it was Humphrey who was able to regain control of the family estates and their revinues by way of a new charter from the crown on the lands and barony of Luss, dated November 9th, 1633. He restored them to his nephew John, the legitimate heir, on 26 August 1647. He was a member of Parliament from 1643-1649. Humphrey was knighted, most probably in 1661 upon the restoration of Charles II to the throne. He was buried in Balvie.
  3. (Sir) Alexander COLQUHOUN. Born in (1593-S8)(1599-S11)(1603), of Tullichewan, Dunbartonshire, Scotland. He married Marion Stirling (Sterling) in September 1631 in Scotland. He died in Scotland.
  4. Adam COLQUHOUN. Born about 1601 in Scotland. He married Christian Lindsay in 1621, probably in Ireland. Adam lived in Ireland on his fathers property. He inherited the property in 1617 and in 1630 he transferred title to his son Robert. He changed the spelling of name to Calhoun when he first went to Ireland. He died in December 1634 in Ireland (Scotland-S10). John C. Calhoun (U.S. Vice-President) of South Carolina's family line descends from Adam.
  5. George COLQUHOUN. Born (in 1604-S11)(about 1609). He was educated at Glasgow University. He died in Sweden.
  6. Walter COLQUHOUN (Cahoone). Born about 1605 in Scotland. He changed the spelling of Colquhoun to Cahoone. He died without issue in 1686 in (Donegal, Ireland)(in Sweden).
  7. Jean COLQUHOUN. Born (in 1606-S11)(about 1611). She married (1): Duncan of Auchinbreck. She married (2): William Hamilton. He died 25 June 1681 She married (3) Allen Cathcart 1626, Scotland. She died in Scotland.
  8. Nancy COLQUHOUN. Born (in 1608-S11)(about 1613) in Scotland. She married John McAuselan.
  9. Katherine COLQUHOUN. Born (in 1610-S11)(about 1615) in Scotland. She married Sir John Mure. She died in Maypole, Scotland.
  10. Helen COLQUHOUN. (S8,S11). Born in 1612. (S11).
  11. Mary COLQUHOUN. {S8}. Born (about 1613 i-S8)(in 1614-S11) in Dunbartonshire, Scotland.


SOURCES:
  1. [S1]. LDS Family Search. Familysearch.org. http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/search/frameset_search.asp?PAGE=ancestorsearchresults.asp
  2. [S2]. Cahoon Family Genealogy Forum. Genealogy.com. http://genforum.genealogy.com/cahoon.
  3. [S3]. William Cahoon site at http://personal.tmlp.com/richard/cahoon.html?
  4. [S4]. Avon, Ohio History. Genealogy of the Cahoon family by Jean Fischer. http://www.centuryinter.net/tjs11/gen/cahoon.htm.
  5. [S5]. Ancestors of Elizabeth Ramsey Howe. Howe Family Genealogy. http://home1.gte.net/res00503/genealogy/master/pafg12.htm.
  6. [S6]. TRAILS OF TIME - GENEALOGY. http://www.trailsoftime.aunspaw.com/all/1741.htm
  7. [S7]. The Chittick Family History, as written by Erminda (Chittick) Rentoul. 1890 The Lodge, Cliftonville, Belfast. Ireland. http://www.chittick.com/history/erminda/colquhoun_luss.html
  8. [S8]. Ancestors of William Cahoon. Research of Terri Hamblin. Correspondence of 9 OCT 2005.
  9. [S9]. Descendants of George Seton, 5th Lord Seton. Submitted by Leo van de Pas. http://worldroots.com/foundation/personages/georgesetondesc1531.htm
  10. [S10]. http://www.trailsoftime.aunspaw.com/all/2188.htm.
  11. [S11]. Sir Alexander Colquhoun, XV Lord of Colquhoun, XVII Lord of Luss 1573 - 1617. Stephen Okeson. The Descendants of Sir Alexander Colquhoun. http://www.stephenokeson.com/genealogy/Calhoun_1.html.

HOW ARE WE RELATED:
Alexander Colquhoun and Margaret Helen Buchanan
(Sir) John Colquhoun and Katherine Graham
 William Colquhoun (changed to Cahoon) (1635-1675) md Deliverance Peck
Joseph Cahoon (1665-c 1710)  md  Elizabeth Scranton
Ebenezer Cahoon (1706-?) md  Mary Reynolds (step sister of Reynolds Cahoon)
William Cahoone (1733-1813)  md  Elizabeth Vaughan	
William Cahoon  (1765-1828) md  Mary Smith
Mary Cahoon (1810-?) md   David Elliott	
Peter Mack Elliott (1833-1885)  md   Charlotte Alvord
Harriett Louisa Elliott  (1860-1902) md   James Newberry Morris  
Eli Ray Morris (1892-1980) md Tina Matilda Kunzler	
LeGrand Elliott Morris (1916-2005) md Dorothea Berta Ernestine Kersten
Rodney Allen Morris and Deborah Lee Handy