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CHARLES II, King of Naples and Jerusalem and Marie of Hungary
Charles II. (Charles the Lame)(le Boiteux). King of Naples and Jerusalem, Count of Anjou and Provence. [The Hungarians]
Born (1248-S1)(1250-S2)(1254-S3) in Naples, Italy; son of CHARLES I, Count of Anjou, King Of NAPLES/SICILY and Beatrix (Bâeatrice) de PROVENCE.
Charles II, known as "the Lame" (French le Boiteux, Italian lo Zoppo) (1254 – 5 May 1309) was King of Naples, King of Albania, Prince of Salerno, Prince of Achaea, Count of Provence and Count of Anjou.
He married Marie of Hungary in 1270.
In the war of the Sicilian Vespers between Charles I and Peter III of Aragón for possession of Sicily, Charles was captured in 1284 in a naval battle by the Aragonese. His father died while he was in captivity in 1285 and Charles succeeded to the throne on Naples, although he was not crowned King of Naples until 1289, following his release. The war in Sicily against James (James II of Aragón), son and successor of Peter III, continued until James’s renunciation of Sicily and recognition of Charles II as king in 1295. The Sicilians, however, refused to accept the reestablishment of French rule and set up James’s brother, Frederick II, as king; war was resumed. Finally, in 1302, after the failure of a French expedition to Sicily sponsored by Pope Boniface VIII, the Peace of Caltabellotta was signed; Charles II and Pope Boniface VIII agreed that Frederick II would remain king, but Sicily was to go to Charles or his heir on Frederick’s death.
He was the son of Charles I of Anjou, who had conquered the Kingdom of Naples and Sicily in the 1260s. His mother was Beatrice of Provence.
During the Sicilian Vespers, he had been captured by Roger of Lauria in the naval battle at Naples in 1284. When his father died in 1285, he was still a prisoner of Peter III of Aragon.
In 1288, King Edward I of England mediated to make peace, and Charles was liberated on the condition that he was to retain Naples alone. Sicily was left to the Aragonese. Charles was also to induce his cousin Charles of Valois to renounce, for twenty thousand pounds of silver, the kingdom of Aragon, which had been given to him by Pope Martin IV to punish Peter for having invaded Sicily, but which the Valois had never effectively occupied.
Charles was then released, leaving three of his sons and sixty Provençal nobles as hostages, promising to pay 30,000 marks and to return a prisoner if the conditions were not fulfilled within three years. He went to Rieti, where the new Pope Nicholas IV immediately absolved him from all the conditions he had sworn to observe, crowned him King of Sicily in 1289, and excommunicated King Alfonso III of Aragon. Charles of Valois, in alliance with Castile, prepared to take possession of Aragon, reopening the Aragonese Crusade. Alfonso, being hard pressed, agreed to the conditions of the Treaty of Tarascon: he had to promise to withdraw the troops he had sent to help his brother James in Sicily, to renounce all rights over the island, and pay a tribute to the Holy See.
Alfonso died childless in 1291 before the treaty could be carried out, and James took possession of Aragon, leaving the government of Sicily to the third brother Frederick.
The new Pope Boniface VIII, elected in 1294 at Naples under the auspices of King Charles, mediated between the latter and James, and the dishonourable Treaty of Anagni was signed: James was to marry Charles’s daughter Bianca and was promised the investiture by the pope of Sardinia and Corsica, while he was to leave the Angevin a free hand in Sicily and even to assist him if the Sicilians resisted.
An attempt was made to bribe Frederick into consenting to this arrangement, but being backed up by his people he refused, and was afterwards crowned King of Sicily. The ensuing war was fought on land and sea but Charles, though aided by the pope, his cousin Charles of Valois and James, was unable to conquer the island, and his son the prince of Taranto was taken prisoner at the battle of La Falconara in 1299. Peace was at last made in 1302 at Caltabellotta. Charles gave up all rights to Sicily and agreed to the marriage of his daughter Eleanor and King Frederick; the treaty was ratified by the pope in 1303. Charles spent his last years quietly in Naples, which city he improved and embellished.
He died (5-S2)(6-S1) May 1309 at (Casanova)(Naples); and was buried at Aix-en-Provence. He was succeeded by his son Robert the Wise.
Marie of HUNGARY. [The Hungarians]
Daughter of Stephen V, King of Hungary, and Elizabeth. She married Charles II, King of Naples.
Marie died in 1323.
- Margaret (Marguerite) of NAPLES. Countess of Anjou and Maine. Born in 1273. She married Charles, Count of Valois. She married Charles of Valois on 16 August 1290 at Corbeil. She died 31 December 1299.
- Robert the Wise. King of NAPLES.
- Charles MARTEL of Anjou. Titular King of Hungary
- Leonora of NAPLES.
- Philip I of Taranto. Prince of Achaea and Taranto, Despot of Romania, Lord of Durazzo, titular Emperor of Constantinople.
- Saint Louis of Toulouse. Born on 9 February 1275 at Nocera Inferiore. Bishop of Toulouse. Died on 19 August 1298, Chateau de Brignoles.
- Raymond Berengar. (1281–1307), Count of Provence, Prince of Piedmont and Andria
8.John (1283 – aft. 16 March 1308), a priest.
- Tristan. (1284–bef. 1288).
- Eleanor of Anjou, (August 1289 – 9 August 1341, Monastery of St. Nicholas, Arene, Elis), married at Messina 17 May 1302 Frederick III of Sicily.
- Maria of Naples (1290 – c. 1346), married at Palma de Majorca 20 September 1304 Sancho I of Majorca, married 1326 Jaime de Ejerica (1298 – April 1335)
- Peter Tempesta. (1291 – 29 August 1315, Battle of Montecatini), Count of Gravina.
- Blanche of Anjou. (1280 – 14 October 1310, Barcelona), married at Villebertran 1 November 1295 James II of Aragon.
- John of Gravina (1294 – 5 April 1336, Naples), Duke of Durazzo, Prince of Achaea, and Count of Gravina, married March 1318 (div 1321) Matilda of Hainaut (29 November 1293–1336), married 14 November 1321 Agnes of Périgord (d. 1345)
- Beatrice (1295 – c. 1321), married April 1305 Azzo VIII d'Este, marchese of Ferrara etc. (d. 1308); she married secondly 1309 Bertrand III of Baux, Count of Andria (d. 1351)
- [S1]. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Copyright © 2003 Columbia University Press. http://www.bartleby.com/65/ch/Charles2Nap.html
- [S2]. http://www.aemyers.net/genealogy/d0005/g0000048.html
- [S3]. http://members.fortunecity.com/jocelynpayne/p1262.html
- [S4]. http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~jamesdow/s018/f753087.htm
- [S5]. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia.
HOW ARE WE RELATED:
Charles II, King of Naples. He married Marie of Hungary.
Margaret (Marguerite) of Naples. She married Charles, Count of Valois.
Jeanne of Valois. She married William III, The Good, Count of Holland and Haunault.
Philippa of Hainault. She married Edward III Plantagenet, King Of England.
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