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Robert Boyd of Kilmarnock
Robert Boyd. (Boyt). (Robert Dominus Boyd-S1). 1st Baron of Kilmarnock. [BOYD Family Chart].
Born (in 1285-S1)(in 1298-S2) in Noddsdale Water, Cunningham, Ayrshire, Scotland; son of Robert Boyd (III).
He is mentioned in the Ragman Roll of 1296, rendering homage to Edward the first as Sir Robert de Boyt. Note: The Ragman Rolls refers to the collection of written instruments by which the nobility and gentry of Scotland subscribed allegiance to King Edward I of England, during the time between the Conference of Norham in May 1291 and the final award in favour of Balliol in November 1292; and again in 1296. Around 1290, during the occupation of Scotland by the armies of Edward I, the English committed an atrocity in Ayr by hanging a number of Scottish nobles. It is believed that Sir Robert Boyd, the hero of Goldberry Hill was amongst the murdered men along with members of the Wallace family. As a result of this atrocity Sir Robert de Boyt (Boyd) joined forces with William Wallace and other Scottish patriots to fight for Scottish independence. (S1).
Sir Robert de Boyt ( Boyd) took part in a revenge attack on the English known as “The Burning of the Barns of Ayr”, where the English forces were either burned alive in the grain barns they were using as barracks, or slaughtered as they tried to escape. (S1).
He also played a part in an engagement with the English troops at Loudoun Hill near Darvel and is believed to have been present at the Battle of Falkirk where Wallace was defeated. In the epic poem “The Wallace”, by Blind Harry, Sir Robert Boyd is mentioned 22 times and is described as being “wys and wicht” (wise and strong). His importance to Wallace’s army was such that “he governyt them quhen Wallace was absent.” (S1).
Sir Robert Boyd, who was one of the first to join Robert Bruce after the execution of Wallace. (S3).
Bruce was stripped of lands, honors and even of Christian dues, for he was solemnly excommunicated by the Pope. A circumstance which produced no effect on the mind of Scotland. Only his friends remained. Among them the ancestors of the House of Kilmarnock, whose descendants were, in the utmost calamity, to be as true as they to the blood of Bruce.... (S3).
Many joined Bruce from ill will at the English justiciaries, by whom they had been put out of their lands in 1306, and became in accordance with English law, were punished by burning, hanging, and by being torn to pieces at the hoofs of horses. Therefore they arose like one man, preferring death to the laws of England. (S3).
He was the faithful companion of Robert the Bruce in the War of Independence and a Robert Boyd attended the King's escheators from Dumbarton to Renfrew with Sir John Walleys and their men at arms, October 1304. (S1).
Robert de Boyt was taken prisoner by the English in the Castle of Kildrummie (In Aberdeenshire, Scotland), shortly before 13 September 1306, a Duncan Boyd having been captured and hanged 4 August previously. (S1).
Robert Bruce was crowned King of Scotland at Scone on March 27, 1306,. A short time after, his little Army was broken and routed, and he was made a fugitive on the Isle of Rathlin. Sir Robert Boyd joined him on Rathlin in February, 1307, and shortly after, with Sir James Douglas, descended with a body of soldiers on the Isle of Arran and captured the castle of Brodick. Bruce soon joined them. (S1).
The Boyds took part in the Battle of Loudon Hill on 10 May 1307. (S1,S3).
Robert Boyd joined in a letter to the King of France, 16 November 1308. (S1).
The Battle of Bannockburn, June 24, 1314.
Boyd distinguished himself at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314, which battle marked the end of English dominion in Scotland. He commanded a group under Walter, 6th Steward. His group was in the third (left) division of the Scottish first line, placed on the crucial right wing of the Scots army so that he could help Edward Bruce, the King’s brother, direct his troops. (S1).
In the epic poem “The Wallace”, by Blind Harry it goes “Ranged on the right the Southron legions stood, and on their front fiery Edward rode, with him the experienced Boyd divides the sway, sent by the King to guide him thro’ the day. The division withstood the main charge of the English cavalry and helped carry the day. (S1).
Sir Robert was a member of the Scottish expedition to Ireland in 1315. (S1,S3).
Boyd was rewarded by Bruce, in 1316, with lands including West Kilbride, Portincross (where he strengthened the castle) and the Lordship of Kilmarnock where he began building Dean Castle. (S1).
For his service at the Battle of Bannockburn to Bruce he was awarded the lands of Kilmarnock, Dalry, Bondington, Hertschaw, Kilbride, etc. Kilmarnock became the family seat. (S2).
For his services, Sir Robert..."Roberti Boyde, Militi Dilecto et Fideli Nostro,"...received from King Bruce, grants of the Barony of Kilmarnock, and the lands of Bondington and Hertschaw (Hartchaw) in the Parish of Fenwick, Ayershire, which were the lands of John de Baliol; The lands of Kilbryde and Ardnele which were the lands of Geoffry de Ross (son of the deceased Reginal de Ross); All of the land which was William de Mora's (de Moreville) in the tenement of Dairy: All erected into a free Barony to be held of the King, the charters being dated 1308 and 1316. He also had a charter of the lands of Nodellsdale, and another granting Hertschaw in free forrest. (S3).
The Boyd grant at Kilmarnock is situated in the heart of the Parish of Kilmarnock, in Baliwick of Cunninghame, County of Ayershire. The town of Kilmarnock is on a stream known as Marnock Water, about 21 miles south southwest from Glasgow. 12 miles north northeast from Ayer, and 6 1/2 miles east of Irvine. The name is supposed to be derived from St. Marnock, whose Cell (or Kil), residence, or place of Sepulture is thought to have been there. He is stated to have died about 322 A.D., but Kilmarnock is not mentioned in history until nearly 1000 years after, and then not as a town, but as a territorial possession, when it was granted to Sir Robert Boyd. (S3).
The Barony of Kilmarnock, (including the lands adjacent to Bondington) comprised about 2350 acres, and according to Pont in his "Cunninghame Topographer", 1609, "belonged...first to ye Locartts de Loch Ard, Lords ther of, then to Lord Soulis...". At the time of granting to Sir Robert Boyd, it was the property of King John Baliol. So, Soulis must have forfeited it to Baliol, and he was loyal to Bruce as early as 1298, before he was crowned, therefore a rebel, but he later turned against Bruce and was executed in 1320. (S3).
Sir Robert was one of the guarantors of the treaty of peace with the English 1323. (S1,S3).
After the death of Robert the Bruce in 1329, Boyd was called on again as the English renewed hostilities. (S1).
In 1333 he had a grant from King Robert to 'Roberto Boyd, militi, dilecto et fideli nostro,' of the lands of Kilmarnock, Bondington, and Hertschaw, which were John de Baliol's; the lands of ilbryd and Ardnel (Portincross), which were Godfrey de Ross's son to the deceased Reginald de Ross; all the land which was William de Mora's, in the tenement of Dalry; with seven acres of land, which were Robert de Ross's in the tenement of Ardnel; all erected into an entire and free barony to be held of the King. He had also a charter of the lands of Nodelles dale; and a third, granting Hertschaw in free forest.
The Battle of Halidon Hill
This battle was a terrible defeat for the Scotts by the English under Edward Baliol. Against Boyd’s advice, and that of other experienced Scottish commanders, the Scots attacked an invading English army at Halidon Hill in 1333. (S1). Halidon Hill is near the village of Berwick-Upon-Tweed, in extreme northern Northumberland, England near the Scottish border. (S4).
In the Battle of Halidon Hill, the Scots were roundly defeated and Sir Robert Boyd was taken prisoner at the battle of Halidon Hill on 19 July 1333. He died not long afterwards, apparently while still a prisoner of the English. The English however, due to the efforts of Boyd and others like him, were never able to gain a strong foothold in Scotland again. (S1).
The family earned the nickname "The Trusty Boyds" because of their loyalty to the cause of Scottish independence. (S2).
CHILDREN of Robert Boyd of Kilmarnock:
- Thomas Boyd. 2nd Baron of Kilmarnock. [BOYD Family Chart].
- Alan Boyd. He commanded the Scottish archers at the siege of Perth, held by Edward Baliol, and was killed there in August 1333.
- James Boyd. He witnessed a charter in 1342.
- [S1]. Robert Boyd. WikiTree. http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Boyd-836.
- [S2]. Robert Boyd, 1st Baron Boyd of Kilmarnock. Geni. http://www.geni.com/people/Robert-Boyd-1st-Baron-Boyd-of-Kilmarnock/6000000002187865975.
- [S3]. The Ancestors and Descendants of James Boyd and Nancy Wier. Our Ancient Ancestors. by William R. Boyd. http://www.lgboyd.com/boydbook/chapter1.htm.
- [S4]. A Genealogical History of the Dormant: Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire (Google eBook). https://books.google.com/.
- [S5]. The Boyd Family. by Arthur S. Boyd Jr. Published by Leland E. Dorothy, 15 Vandewater St., New York. 1924. http://www.earlymaine.org/onlineCollections/Boyd1924.pdf.
- [S6]. THE ANCIENT BOYD FAMILY. Descendants of John Boyd who married Margaret (Ginny) Long in Boston, Massachusetts, 1731. http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~confido/book1.htm.
- [S7]. Relationship between Robert "the Fair" De Boyd Boidh & William Boyd. Ancestry.com. http://www.shortbits.com/Boyd_and_Short/Home_files/Scotish%20Boyd%20Heritage.pdf.
- [S8]. BOYD Lord BOYD and Earl of KILMARNOCK. http://quod.lib.umich.edu/e/ecco/004896980.0001.000/1:142?rgn=div1;view=fulltext.