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Richard Basset and Matilda de Ridel

HUSBAND:
Richard BASSET. Justiciar of England. [Our Basset Ancestors].
Born (abt 1090-S1)(about 1102-S6,S10,S15) at (Wallingford, Berkshire, England)( in Drayton Basset, Staffordshire, England-S10); son of Ralph BASSET and Alice de BUCI.

Richard Basset I, succeeded his father as Justiciar (Chief Justice) of England, which high office he filled in the latter part of King Henry I.'s reign, and through the whole of King Stephen's. In the 5th year of the latter monarch, he was sheriff of Surrey, Cambridge, and Huntingdonshire, with Aleric de Vere; and he served the same office for Essex, Hertford, Buckingham, Bedford, Norfolk, Suffolk, Northampton, and Leicestershire. {S2,S4}.

He married Matilda de RIDEL (abt 1112-S1)(about 1124-S15)(about 1126-S6,S10) (in Newbold, Nottinghamshire, England-S10).

Richard Basset lived at Drayton, Staffordshire, England.

He and his wife founded the Laud Abbey in Leicestershire. {S7}.

He died (bef 1146-S1)(in 1144-S3,S10,S15)(between 16 September 1144 and 29 May 1147-S5).
He was certainly dead by 1146 or 1147, when Geoffrey Ridel secured confirmation of his father’s estates in England and Normandy from the Empress. {S12}.

WIFE:
Matilda de RIDEL. (Maud-S1,S13)(Matilda-S6,S8,S10,S14,S15)(Maud-S1,S13)(Matilda-S6,S8,S10,S14). [PC T3-2-1-5-5].
Born (abt 1096)(about 1097-S15)(in 1097 in Witering, Northamptonshire, England-S8,S10); only daughter and heiress of (Sir) Geoffrey (Galfridus) de Ridel, Lord of Witheringe, and Geva d'Avranches. [Geva is the (illegitimate-S7) daughter of Hugh Lupus d'Avranches and Ermentrude de Clermont].

Maud married Richard Basset (abt 1112)(in 1126 in Newbold, Nottinghamshire, England-S8).

She died in 1139 {S8,S10}.

CHILDREN of Richard BASSET and Matilda de RIDEL:
  1. Geoffrey (Galfridus-S8) (Basset) de Ridel. Lord Weldon. Born (in 1125-S15)(abt 1128) at Gt. Weldon, Kettering, Northampton, England.He succeeded his father. From his mother, he assumed the surname of "de Ridel." He was living in 1144. He married twice.
  2. Ralph BASSET. [Our Basset Ancestors]. Born (abt 1125)(about 1131-S10,S15) (in Drayton-S10)(of Drayton), Staffordshire, England. Drayton was a lordship bestowed upon his mother by the Earl of Chester. He married Alice about 1154 {S10}. He died in 1160.
  3. William BASSET. Born about 1134. He received Sapcoate.
  4. Richard BASSETT. {S8}.
  5. Jordan Ridel BASSETT. {S8}.
  6. Phillip BASSETT. {S8}.
  7. Sibel BASSETT. {S8}.


SOURCES:

RESEARCH: [S1]: Richard le Goz -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Richard le Goz [a], Vicomte d'Avranches, b abt 1022, of Avranches, France, d aft 1082. He md Emma de Conteville [b] abt 1045, daughter of Herluin de Conteville, Viscount of Conteville, and Arlette/Herleve of Falaise. She was b abt 1030. Children of Richard le Goz and Emma were: Hugh "Lupus" d'Avranches, Earl of Chester, b abt 1048. Judith d'Avranches b abt 1052. She md Richer de l'Aigle, Seigneur de l'Aigle, abt 1066. Margaret/Maud d'Avranches b abt 1055. She md Ranulph II of Bayeux, Vicomte of Bayeux, abt 1070, son of Ranulph I of Bayeux, Vicomte of the Bessin, and Alice of Normandy. Hugh "Lupus" d'Avranches [c], Earl of Chester, Vicomte d'Avranches, b abt 1048, d 27 Jul 1101, Chester, Cheshire, England. He md Ermentrude de Clermont abt 1068, daughter of Hugh de Creil, Count of Clermont, Roucy, and Montdidier, and Margaret de Roucy. Child of Hugh Lupus d'Avranches and Ermentrude de Clermont was: Geva b abt 1077. She md Sir Geoffrey de Ridel, Lord of Witheringe, abt 1092. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- NOTES: a. Vicomte d'Avranches in Normandy, he was the son of Thurstan le Goz. b. Emma, wife of Richard le Goz, has long been stated to be a "kinswoman" of William the Conqueror. While some researchers, including Prof. Douglas, state this is "fictitious", the current research of Keats-Rohan shows strong evidence that she was sister of Robert de Mortain, son of Herluin de Conteville and Herleve/Arlette of Falaise. Complete Peerage also shows Emma as the daughter of Herluin and Herleve/Arlette, claiming that it was King William who granted the earldom of Chester to his nephew, Hugh "Lupus". c. Styled by his contemporaries "Lupus", evidently for his rather vicious nature, he received from the King (his maternal uncle), in 1071, the whole of the county palatine of Chester, and thus became Count Palatine as Earl of Chester. By the nature of Chester as a true palatine earldom, he thus had his hereditary Barons, of which there were, by varying accounts, at least nine, (1) Eustace, Baron of Hawarden, (2) William Fitz-Niel, Baron of Halton, (3) William Malbank, Baron of Nantwich, (4) Robert Fitz Hugh, Baron of Malpas, (5) Hamond de Mascy, Baron of Dunham-Massy, (6) Richard Vernon, Baron of Shipbrooke, (7) William Venables, Baron of Kinderton, (8) Robert de Stockport, Baron of Stockport, and (9) Hugh Fitz Osbern, Baron of Pulford. He succeeded his father, who was living as late as 1082, as Vicomte d'Avranches in Normandy. He remained loyal to William II during the rebellion of 1096. After founding the abbeys of St. Sever in Normandy and St. Werburg at Chester, he became a monk at St. Werburg some four days before his death. His son and heir, Richard, also Earl of Chester (died s.p. legit.), was among those nobles who drowned upon the sinking of the White Ship at Barfleur in Nov of 1120. The earldom of Chester passed via Margaret/Maud (sister to Hugh Lupus), to her son Ranulph le Meschin. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SOURCES: CP: Vol III[164-166]; AR: Line 132A[25]; G-MED: Todd Farmerie. *~!*~*~*~*~* [also from S1]: The following individuals were brother and sister: 1. Hugh de Abrincis, surnamed "Lupus". See below. 2. Maud de Abrincis, married Ralph de Meschines. They had a son, Ranulph de Meschines, to whom the earldom of Chester passed upon the demise of the son of Hugh de Abrincis, Richard de Abrincis, 2nd Earl of Chester, at which time the male line of the Abrincis family became extinct. Ranulph de Meschines was a first cousin to Richard de Abrincis. See the continuation of this lineage in the Meschines Line. 1. Hugh de Abrincis (or Avranches in Normandy), surnamed "Lupus", and called by the Welsh, Vras or "the Fat". Upon the detention, a prisoner in Flanders, of Gherbod, a Fleming who first held the Earldom of Chester, that dignity was conferred, in 1070, by William the Conqueror, upon the above Hugh, who was the son of William's half-sister. "Which Hugh," says Dugdale, "being a person of great note at that time amongst the Norman nobility, and an expert soldier, was, for that respect, chiefly placed so near those unconquered Britains, the better to restrain their bold incursions: for it was by the advise of his council, that King William thus advanced him to that government; his powers being, also, not ordinary; having royal jurisdiction with the precincts of his earldom, which honor he received to hold as freely the sword as the King himself held England by the crown. But, though the time of his advancement was not until 1070, it is certain that he came into England with the Conqueror, and thereupon had a grant of Whitby, in Yorkshire, which lordship he soon afterwards disposed of to William de Percy, his associate in that famous expedition." In the contest between William Rufus, and his brother Robert Curthose, this powerful nobleman sided with the former, and remained faithful to him the whole of his reign. He was subsequently in the confidence of King Henry I., and one of that monarch's chief councillors. "In his youth and flourish age," continues the Dugdale, "he was a great lover of worldly pleasures and secular pomp; profuse in giving, and much delighted with interludes, jesters, horses, dogs, and other like vanities; having a large attendance of such persons, of all sorts, as were disposed to those sports; but he had also in his family both clerks and soldiers, who were men of great honor, the venerable Anselme (Abbot of Bec, and afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury) being his confessor; nay, so devout he grew before his death, that sickness hanging long upon him, he caused himself to be shorn a monk in the abbey of St. Werburge, where, within three days, after, he died, July 27, 1101." He married Ermentrude, daughter of Hugh de Claremont, Earl of Bevois, in France, by whom he had a son and daughter as follows: 1. Richard de Abrincis, his successor, 2nd Earl of Chester. After he had attained maturity, he attached himself faithfully to King Henry I., and never subsequently swerved in his allegiance. He married Maud, daughter of Stephen, Earl of Blois, by Adela, daughter of William the Conqueror, but had no issue, himself and his countess being soon afterwards among the victims of the memorable shipwreck, December 1119, wherein the king's two sons, William and Richard, with their tutor Ottiwell, the earl's bastard brother, Geoffrey Riddell, his sister Geva's husband, and many others of the nobility perished. Upon the demise thus of Richard de Abrincis, 2nd Earl of Chester, the male line of the family became extinct, the earldom passed to the deceased nobleman's first cousin, Ranulph de Meschines, son of Ralph de Meschines, by Maud de Abrincis, sister of Earl Hugh Lupus. See the continuation of this lineage in the Meschines Line. 2. Geva Lupus, married Geoffrey Ridel. The legitimacy of this lady is in question, according to Burke, but is maintained from the circumstances of her father having bestowed upon her the manor of Drayton, in free marriage, which the lawyers say could not be granted to a bastard; however, had she been legitimate, she would have surely succeeded to the earldom before her aunt. Geva and Geoffrey had an only daughter, Maud Ridel. See the continuation of this lineage in the Basset - Aylesbury - Stafford Line. Of the illegitimate issue of Hugh Lupus there were Ottiwell, tutor to those children of King Henry I. who perished at sea; Robert, originally a monk in the abbey of St. Ebrulf, in Normandy, and afterwards abbot of St. Edmundsbury, in Suffolk; and possibly the daughter, Geva, listed above. That Hugh Lupus enjoyed immense wealth in England is evident, from the many lordships he held at the general survey; for, besides the whole of Cheshire, excepting the small part which at the time belonged to the bishop, he had nine lordships in Berkshire, two in Devonshire, six in Wiltshire, ten in Dorsetshire, four in Somersetshire, thirty-two in Suffolk, twelve in Norfolk, one in Hampshire, five in Oxfordshire, three in the shire of Buckingham, four in Gloucestershire, two in Huntingdonshire, four in Nottinghamshire, one in Warwickshire, and twenty-two in Leicestershire. It appears too, by the charter of foundation to the abbey of St. Werburge, at Chester, that several eminent persons held the rank of baron under him. This charter was signed by the earl himself, Richard, his son; Ranulph de Meschines, his nephew, who eventually inherited the earldom; Roger Bigod; and others. All those barons were each and all of them men of great individual power, and large territorial possessions. Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester, was succeeded by his son (then but seven years of age), Richard. *~*~*~*~* [S9]. Woulfe Family Legends. Hugh Lupus and the Woulfes... The Woulfe Family Homepage. Paul MacCotter. http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/mwoulfe/legends.htm This is a tough one. Hugh has long been believed by many, including me, to be the ancestor of the first Woulfe in Ireland. But, Paul MacCotter has shot that one down with cold, hard, facts. But, I too find the legend rather nice to think about. And, you've got to wonder how Jane Woulfe Cooper (Aunt Dollie) made the Lupus connection. Did she simply seize on the Lupus name, and the possibility that Hugh's descendants lived in the right era, and would likely have gleefully taken part in the fighting and land grab in Ireland? Trouble is, Hugh left no male heirs. His only son died in the wreck of the White ship, and none of his daughters used the Lupus or Wolfe name. But, others I've spoken to about this point to Hugh's many illegitimate children, possibye as many as 2 dozen, and wonder if any of them took the Wolfe name and went along in the invasion. It's because of the strong family belief that we are descended from old Hugh that I have included the this research Hugh Lupus... We'll start with Hugh's viking ancestor Rollo "The Wolf". ?) Rollo's great grandson William - known as William the Conqueror (also as William the Bastard - but never to his face) - invaded England in 1066 and set up a Norman Dynasty as King William I. William ruled as King from 1066 to 1087. Among those rewarded for their help in the war, was a cousin, Richard Viscount de Avaranches. Richard's son Hugh Lupus was granted lands in Chester and in Wales. Hugh maintained the family's Wolf nickname by adding the latin word for wolf (Lupus) to his name. The Norsemen - Vikings had settled the northwest coast of France in an area known then as Nuestria. They fought with the French (Franks) to keep control of their new kingdom, and eventually in the year 911, reached an agreement with the French King to hold Lordship over their new land. A Kingdom that became known as Normandy after the Norsemen who settled there. Norman is what the Franks called Vikings. It's from the Latin Northmannus. The other common reference to the Northmen was...Pirate. The deal the Norsemen and French made was basically this. The Norsemen already in Nuestria could keep their land and be awarded French Titles if they would help the French battle new Norse raiders who were sailing all the way up the Seine and attacking Paris. This must have been an attractive offer. The Northmen envied the French lifestyle and were already adopting more "civilized" customs. It also gave them a chance to keep on fighting. Back to Hugh. He was made Earl of Chester in England in 1071, and lived at a place now called Church Laughton.* He'd gained quite a string of titles by this time. He was known as Hugh Lupus (the Wolf), Hugh "Les gros" - either "The Great" - or "The Fat" depending on the translation - d"Durance - Earl of Chester, Hugh D'Abrincis - And - at the death of his father he also became Hugh de Avaranches - the name of the family holdings back in France. Hugh was quite a character who gained a reputation as a ruthless ruler of his lands in Wales. An early document says Hugh had an insatiable appetite for food, and the ladies, and partook heartily of both. In later life, he became so fat he could hardly walk. As Hugh got older and probably realized he'd die soon...and that he'd been rather a mean fellow during his life...he lived out his last days as a monk. Hugh also had possibly 2 dozen illegitimate children or more. This high number of illigitimate descendants is why some believe the Lupus name through Hugh might possibly have made it to Ireland. More background on Hugh (From Hugh Lupus at chipping Camden Manor) Lord of the Manor in 1066 was Harold King of England who was killed during the battle with William the Conqueror. The manor was then given to Hugh Lupus Viscount Durance (the Earl first referred to in the Domesday Book along with a son Richard Viscount Albrincis, by Margaret, sister of William for services in the invasion.) Hugh died in 1101 and was succeeded by his son Richard then 8 years old. Richard died in 1120 (1119?) by drowning on the ill-fated White Ship with Prince William. The Domesday survey shows Hugh Lupus earl of Chester held a manor house at Lucteburne. Here's an excerpt from the list of "Extinct Peerage."D'ABRINCIS, -- ---- 1070.Hugh D'Abrincis, alias Lupus, nephew of king William the conqueror, was created by that monarch earl of Chester, which title became extinct in this family upon the death of Richard, second earl of Chester, 25 November 1119. Ranuf de Meschines, or Micene, cousin of Richard succeeded Hugh as Lord of the Manor, and on his death his son Randolph Gernous became lord of the manor. Around 1173 Hugh de Gondeville (Gondaville or Grunderel) possessed the manor and became the first resident lord of the manor. During this time he obtained a charter of incorporation for the town, and founded the Free Chapel of St. Katherine. At this time there were 4 water mills in Chipping Campden (there were two at the time of the Domesday Book). Hugh Lupus genealogy. Richard le Groz d'averanches = Emma de Conteville / Hugh Lupus d'abrincis 1047-1101 = Ermintrude de Clermont Maud D'Avranches b1054=Ranulf des MeschinesII Judith Le Goz D'Avaranches b1054 = Albreda b1045 = Arbella= / / Richard Viscount D'Abrincis= Matilda deBlois Geva=Geoffrey Ridel* Ranulf des MeschinesIII=Lucy Taillebois Both drowned on White ship 1120 / / Maud Ridel=Richard Basset Ranulph de Gernon Earl of Chester=Maud Fitzrobert(granddaughter of HenriI) / / Ralph Basset Geoffrey Basset Hugh of Keveliok 1147-1181=de Evreux, Bertrade de Montfort / le Meschines, Matilda (Mabel) of Chester Earl of Chester, Ranulf de Blundeville of le Meschines, Agnes of Chester le Meschines, Amicia de Keveliock Cts de Lincoln, Hawise le Meschines *Geoffrey was Lord of Witheringe drowned on White Ship 1120. Son Richard Basset Was Justice of England Son Ralph Basset was Lord of Drayton, Geoffrey was aka DeRidel Basset At the tiny village of Shotwick, (pronounced "Shottick")Hugh built a castle to keep control of the Welsh. All that's left are earthworks today - but it was from this castle that Henry II's soldiers set sail for Ireland to gain control over Norman Conquerors in Ireland. Curiously, the waters next to Chester silted up over the years, and were later filled in for farmland, and the sea is miles away. Hugh Lupus also conquered much of North Wales and built another motte and bailey castle at Caernarfon in 1088. The castle that stands there today is built atop the old castle's ruins. *Church Lawton or Church Laughton, is also the home of Hugo de Rode. "The Wolfes of Forenaghts" by R.T. Wolfe gives Hugo de Rodes, a contemporary of William I, as the progenitor of the "English" Wolfe family in Kildare. Now, upon reading that, I wonder If Jane Woulfe Cooper used that to make the connection. Sadly, we'll never know. I find it very curious that both families have their roots in Chester. Both have descendants with a variation on the Wolfe (including Lupus) name. Both end up in Kildare. "Forenaghts" says the Wolfes descended from Richard Wolf, arrived from England in 1658, and found an "Irish" family of Wolfes already living there. The sequence goes like this... Hugo de Rodes, contemporary of William I. William de Rode, cont. Henry I. Hugo de Rode. Henricus de Rode - contemporary of Richard II. Winthelimus de Rode. Ranus Dictus Lupus de Church Lawton. Ranus Lupus de Church Lawton. David Lupus de Church Lawton - active 1346. Then, here comes the unexplained name change... Thomas le Wolfe - active 1372. His 3 sons were, Thomas le Wolfe of Church Lawton, Gralam, and Robert le Wolfe. Thomas had a son, also named Thomas le Wolfe. He had a daughter and heir listed as Feliz who married Thomas leigh Robert le Wolfe above had a son named Thomas. Thomas had 2 daughters, Selina who married a deRowley, and another daughter named Selina who married Joseph de Wareham. That means, aftert just a few generations, that Wolfe line went extinct. But, what does this mean? R.T. Wolfe says he regrets the source of this lineage, the Encyclopedia Londinensis goes no further than this. The final list of descendants ends with 2 daughters, and the end of the Wolfe name. But again, later generations or illegitimate children may have picked it up again.But, keep in mind this is just a guess. There is nothing on paper to back it up. So, you see the de Rode family adopts the "Lupus" name 5 generations after Hugo, and the Wolfe name 3 generations after that in the 1370's. Does this mean the 2 families are the same? Not likely, because the Rodes and DeRodes later became the Rodes and Rhoades. Because of the Chester and Wolfe/Lupus connection, I'd be willing to guess they were already related or later intermarried. But, it's possible that later generations married into the Wolfe or Woulfe family descended from Hugh Lupus. Again, just guessing, but the possibility is intriguing. R.T. Wolfe doesn't have another Wolfe on the list again until Richard Wolfe of Huttonread, Co. Kildare, who emigrates to Ireland from England in 1658. Wolfe cannot find any earlier mention of the 1658 Richard Wolfe except in court papers relating to lawsuits in Durham and York in England. He sites writings by Arthur Wolfe, the First Lord of Kilwarden who says, "The first of the family that settled in Ireland came from Yorkshire sometime before the restoration of Charles the Second, driven from his own country for the part he had taken on the side of the King in the Civil War." This is interesting because the ancestor of General James Wolfe is a Captain George Woulfe from Limerick who fled TO York in the 1650's. See the section on General Woulfe above. Finally, I'd caution you again. The facts of the Lupus lineage are correct, but my guesswork is just that. It was formulated during my long search for our original Woulfe ancestor, and based on what I knew before the MacCotter project.mw