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BALDWIN IV, The Bearded
. Baldwin IV, "The Bearded."
Born in 980; son of ARNULF II  and Rosele .
He married Ogive of Luxembourg .
He was Count of Flanders from 988 until his death.
Other than his predecessors Baldwin turned his attention to the east and north, leaving the southern part of his territory in the hands of his vassals the counts of Guines, Hesdin, and St. Pol.
To the north of the county Baldwin was given Zeeland as a fief by the Holy Roman Emperor Henry II, while on the right bank of the Scheldt river he received Valenciennes (1013) and parts of the Cambresis and Hainaut.
In the French territories of the count of Flanders, the supremacy of the Baldwini remained unchallenged. They organized a great deal of colonization of marshland along the coastline of Flanders and enlarged the harbour and city of Brugge.
Baldwin first married Ogive of Luxembourg, by whom he had a son and heir Baldwin V. He later married Eleanor of Normandy in 1051, daughter of Richard II of Normandy, by whom he had at least one daughter Judith. This daughter married Tostig Godwinson, Earl of Northumberland. These family connections demonstrate the political interests of the Flemish counts, both in the Kingdom of France, England and the Holy Roman Empire.
His granddaughter, Matilda of Flanders, would go on to marry William the Conqueror, therefore starting the line of Anglo-Norman Kings of England.
He died ON 30 May 1036.
[F7788835221]. Ogive of Luxembourg.
CHILDREN of BALDWIN IV and Ogive:
Eleanor of Normandy.
daughter of Richard II of Normandy
CHILDREN of BALDWIN IV and Eleanor:
- Judith. This daughter married Tostig Godwinson, an Anglo-Saxon earl of Northumbria and brother of King Harold II of England, the last Anglo-Saxon King of England. That same year, 1051, Tostig and his father were banished from Northumbria to which they forcefully returned in 1052. Three years later in 1055, Tostig became the Earl of Northumbria upon the death of Earl Siward. In order to secure his rule of the northern district of Northumbria, Tostig introduced martial law. Those who violated his authority were severely punished, which made him extremely unpopular. The Northumbrians revolted against Tostig in 1065 and replaced him with Morcar, brother of Edwin, Earl of Mercia, who declared Tostig an outlaw. The rebels forced Tostig to flee southward, where they followed until met by Earl Harold at Oxford who, for his own royal ambitions, granted their demands against the will of King Edward the Confessor.
Having sailed to Flanders, Tostig sought employment with Duke William, who was preparing an invasion of England, in Normandy. Tostig raided the Isle of Wight and the Kentish and Lincolnshire coasts, stayed in Scotland, visited Norway, and in the River Tyne, he joined King Harald III Hardraade of Norway. With Hardraade's aid, Tostig sailed up the Humber and defeated Earls Morcar and Edwin at Gate Fulford. Hardraade's army invaded York.
On September 25, 1066, King Harold II of England (Tostig's brother) marched his army from the south of England where they were awaiting the Normans up to York and halted the Norwegian invasion at the Battle of Stamford Bridge, in which Tostig and Harald III were killed. Tostig was killed by King Harold II's squire (who later became his foster son) when he(Evyn) stabbed him in the stomach with a dagger. After the death of Tostig, his two sons took refuge in Norway, while his wife Judith married Duke Welf of Bavaria.
- [S1]. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia.