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Henry Adams and Edith Squire

HUSBAND:
Henry ADAMS. [Ancestors].
Born 21 January 1583 (1584-S12) at Barton St. David, Somersetshire, England; son of John ADAMS and Agnes (Stone-S12). (S7,S12).

In the will of John Adams of Barton St. David, in 1603, he makes his son Henry Adams — who was at the time seemingly unmarried — his executor. This might have been our Henry Adams. Barton St. David is between Balstonsborough and Charlton-Adam, perhaps less tlian two miles from each, and about a mile from Kingweston. (S10).

He married Edith SQUIER (Squire-S12) on 19 October 1609 at Charlton Mackrell, Somersetshire, England. (S10,S12).
Wikipedia says: Henry Adams and Edith Squire were married in the parish church in 1609 and she is thought to be the ancestor of Presidents John Adams, John Quincy Adams and Calvin Coolidge, as well as of Samuel Adams, who also signed the Declaration of Independence, while Presidents Millard Fillmore and William Howard Taft were descendants of her two sisters Ann and Margaret. (S7).

After their marriage he emigrated with his wife Edith and nine children to the new colonies in Massachusetts. He was the great-great-grandfather of John Adams, the first Vice President and second President of the United States. He was the great-great-great-grandfather of John Quincy Adams, the sixth President of the United States. There is a plaque in the parish church which commemorates this link between the village and the United States. (S6).

He emigrated from Braintree, Essex in England to what soon became Braintree, Massachusetts in about 1632–1633. He is likely to have arrived in the area with his wife, Edith Squire (1587-1672/73), his brothers Jeremy Adams et al., and eight sons and a daughter, in 1632. Braintree was incorporated in 1640, and included what is now Quincy, and Braintree. (S7).

Henry may have been in the company of Thomas Hooker, who arrived in September 1633. The Hooker company was mostly made up from immigrants of Chelmsford, perhaps from Braintree and other neighboring villages of Essex county, who had arrived just to the new colony the year before. Winthrop's Journal, I. 37, says, 1632: 14 Aug; The Braintree Company which had begun to settle down at Mt. Wollaston by order of Court, removed to Newtown. These were Mr. Hooker's Company. Hence it appears highly probable that Henry Adams from Braintree in Essex joined Hooker's Company and arrived in Boston in 1632. Dr. James Savage, author of the Genealogical Dictionary of the early first-comers of New England, concurs in the opinion of President John Quincy Adams. (S7).

Hooker himself arrived in Sept. 1633, but his Company, which was mostly made up from Chelmsford – perhaps also from Braintree and other neighboring villages of Essex county, - had arrived the year before. Hence it appears highly probably that Henry Adams from Braintree in Essex joined Hooker’s Company and arrived in Boston in 1632. (S8).

The colonial authorities at Boston allotted to him 40 acres of land at “The Mount,” [Mount Wollaston] for the ten persons in his family, Feb. 24, 1639-40. (S8).

As to the social status of Henry Adams of Braintree, he was without doubt a yeoman. Westcote in his " Devonshire," written in 1630, says concerning yeomen: Many of these with us are gentlemen, descending from younger brothers. (S10).

John Adams, the second president of the United States of America, erected a monument to his memory in the old church yard at Quincy with the following inscription: "In memory of Henry Adams who took his flight from the Dragon persecution in Devonshire, England and alighted with eight sons, near Mount Wollaston. One of the sons returned to England, and after taking time to explore the country, four removed to Medfield and the neighboring towns; two to Chelmsford. One only, Joseph, who lies here at his left hand, remained here, who was an original proprietor in the township of Braintree, incorporated in 1639. This stone and several others have been placed in this yard, by a great-great grandson, from a veneration of the Piety, humility, simplicity, prudence, patience, temperance, frugality, industry and perseverance, of his Ancestors, in hopes of Recommending an imitation of their virtures to their posterity. ... Erected December, 1823." However, President John Quincy Adams dissented from the opinion of his father that Henry Adams came from Devonshire. He believed that: "After giving the matter particular and thorough investigation... my conviction is that Henry Adams was from Braintree in the county of Essex, on the east coast of England." (S7).

He died (in 1646-S?)(before 6 October 1646-S3)(on 5 October 1646-S12) in Braintree, Norfolk County, Massachusetts; and was buried in the Hancock Cemetery, Quincy, Norfolk County, Massachusetts.

WILL OF HENRY ADAMS, Proved 8 June 1647 (S8):

"First, my will is that my sonne Peter and John, and my daughter Ursula, shall have the grounde in the neck, both upland and meadow during the term I was to enjoy it, until it returne into the towne's hands againe, from whom I had it; also the aker in the mill fields: my will is that my bookes shall be divided amongst all my children, that my wife shall have and enjoy all my other goods so long as shee live unmarried, and if shee marry, then my will is y't Joseph, Edward and my daughter Ursula should enjoy all my ground in the fielde y't lieth on the way to Weymouth Ferry, and my house lott, with all the houses and fruit trees and all my movables at the death or marriage of my wife, provided they and their mother shall pay to my sonne Samuel that which is due to him for the ground I bought of him, to be paid in convenient tyme; but in case God soe deal with my wife that she bee constrained to make use of something by way of sale, shee may:--finally, for movables, my will is that my sonne Peter and John shall have an equal share with my sonne Joseph and Edward, and my daughter Ursula."

WIFE:
Edith SQUIER. (Edith Rosamond Squire-S12)(Squier-S?)(Squire-S12). [Ancestors].
Born (before 29 May 1587)(on 29 May 1587-S12) at Charlton Mackrell, Somersetshire, England; daughter of Henry SQUIRE. (S10,S12).

She was christened 29 May 1587.

She married Henry ADAMS on 19 October 1609 at Charlton Mackrell, Somersetshire, England.

Edith and her son John returned to England (S4), probably after the death of her husband Henry in 1646. Her son John married in England in 1650 and returned to New England about 1651. Edith apparently returned to New England at about the same time.

She died on 21 January 1672-1673(1652-S12) at Medfield, Norfolk County, Massachusetts.

CHILDREN of Henry ADAMS and Edith SQUIER:


SOURCES:

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